Tacit Knowledge 030110 - 1 2 In-class exercise: Learning...

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In-class exercise: Learning How to snowboard? n What are the rules for snowboarding? 3
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Polanyi and Tacit Knowledge n Michael Polanyi: physical chemist, early 1950s First to articulate in scientific lectures the concept of “tacit knowledge” skilled scientific work depends on knowledge that cannot be codified (i.e., articulated as a set of statements or rules) knowing always has an indispensable personal component---it is social and/or embodied 4
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Two Views of Scientific Knowledge n Traditional View universal, independent of context, impersonal, public, and cumulative Following the rules: “algorithmical model” n Alternative View local, situated, person-specific, private, and non-cumulative Not rules, but rather culture: “enculturational model” 5
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Two Specific Forms of Knowledge n Explicit Knowledge: Information or instructions that can be formulated in words or symbols and therefore, can be stored, copied and transferred by impersonal means n Tacit knowledge:
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Tacit Knowledge 030110 - 1 2 In-class exercise: Learning...

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