Understandings of Science Observation 020310

Understandings of Science Observation 020310 - STS 2011/SOC...

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1 STS 2011/SOC 2100 February 3, 2010
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Neutrality of observation Facts/claims about natural world are directly observable T Theory laden observation Scientific observation is a developed skill 2
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Neutrality of Observation: Facts are prior to and independent of theory T Theory-laden Observation: Before an observer can formulate an observation statement, s/he must be in possession of the appropriate conceptual framework and a knowledge of how to appropriately apply it 3
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Charles Goodwin: a socially (and historically) organized way of seeing and understanding events that is consistent with the distinctive interests of the professional group in which one belongs Involves particular work and discursive practices developed through a collective Coding Highlighting T Emphasizes complexity of perceptual fields Different interpretations possible Way of seeing can be contested 5
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Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Scientific paradigms an accepted model or pattern from which spring particular coherent traditions of scientific research Provides theoretical and methodological tools for
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Understandings of Science Observation 020310 - STS 2011/SOC...

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