lecture-2.2 - Lecture notes: 2.2 June 25, 2009 1 Consonants...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Lecture notes: 2.2 June 25, 2009 1 Consonants continued 1.1 Palatoalveolar and palatal consonants No very clear-cut distinction between the two. Usually a language uses only one of these two positions for a certain type of conso- nant. So in English, we have a few from each category, but no contrasts: palato-alveolar fricatives [ S , Z ] she, rouge; palatal approximant: [j] yes In English, the only palato-alveolar sounds are the fricatives and affricates [ S Z > t S > d Z ]. Other languages, such as French and Italian, there are nasals made in either the same or a very similar position. These nasals are often, arbitrarily, considered to be palatal sounds. No language is known to make a distinction between a palato-alveolar nasal and a palatal nasal. There are languages which contrast, for example, voiceless palato-alveolar fricatives and voiceless palatal fricatives, e.g. Modern Greek, German. To produce [¸ c], start by pronouncing [j], and devoice it: [j j j j j j j ˚ j ˚ j ˚ j ˚ j ˚ ]. [¸ c] is very similar to the sound which occurs initially in hue [hju]. The German palatal fricative, as in “ich”. Greek has both voiceless and voiced versions: (1) Greek: http://www.phonetics.ucla.edu/course/chapter11/greek/greek.html The voiced counterpart of [¸ c] is [ J ], the voiced palatal fricative. (Note that the symbol, 1 a curly-tailed j, differs subtly from the symbol for the palatal approximant or glide: [j].) (2) Margi: http://www.phonetics.ucla.edu/appendix/languages/margi/margi.html Palatal nasals and laterals [ ñ , L ] (3) Italian: http://www.phonetics.ucla.edu/course/chapter7/italian/italian.htmlhttp://www....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2010 for the course LINGUISTIC 117 taught by Professor Farkas during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Santa Cruz.

Page1 / 6

lecture-2.2 - Lecture notes: 2.2 June 25, 2009 1 Consonants...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online