lecture-8.2 - Lecture notes: 8.2 July 16, 2009 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture notes: 8.2 July 16, 2009 1 Morphological analysis 1.1 Nahuatl Nahuatl (aka Aztec) languages are spoken by over a million people in Mexico. (1) Nahuatl words: 1. ikalwewe his big house 9. petat > tsi : n little mat 2. ikalsosol his old house 10. ikalmeh his houses 3. ikal > tsi : n his little house 11. komitmeh cooking pots 4. komitwewe big cooking pot 12. petatmeh mats 5. komitsosol old cooking pot 13. ko : jame > tsi : n little pig 6. komit > tsi : n little cooking pot 14. ko : jamewewe big male pig 7. petatwewe big mat 15. ko : jameilama big female pig 8. petatsosol old mat 16. ko : jamemeh pigs (2) Nahuatl morphemes: {-meh } plural marker {-wewe } big (occurs with stems meaning his house, cooking-pot, mat, male pig) {-ilama } big (occurs with stem meaning female pig) {-sosol } old {- > tsi : n } little { petat } mat { ko : jame } pig { komit } cooking-pot { ikal } his house Word template for Nahuatl: (3) Noun - Adjectival suffix - Number This is not fully determined by the data. I have made a guess and assumed that the plural suffix can co-occur with the adjectival suffixes, and that it follows the...
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lecture-8.2 - Lecture notes: 8.2 July 16, 2009 1...

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