Dehydration Assignment - Dehydration Assignment The...

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Dehydration Assignment The majority of the body is made up of water, with up to 75% of the body's weight due to H2O. Most of the water is found within the cells of the body intracellular space. The rest is found in what is referred to as the extracellular space, which consists of the blood vessels intravascular space and the spaces between cells interstitial space (Wedro & Conrad, 2009). Dehydration occurs when the amount of water leaving the body is greater than the amount being taken in (Wedro & Conrad, 2009). The body is very dynamic and always changing. This is especially true with water in the body. We lose water routinely when: we breathe and humidified air leaves the body; we sweat to cool the body; and we urinate or have a bowel movement to rid the body of waste products (Wedro & Conrad, 2009). The effects of dehydration begin with thirst and progress to more alarming symptoms as the need for water becomes more intense. The initial effects of mild dehydration in adults appear when the body has lost about 2% of its total fluid. Some of these mild dehydration effects are often, but not limited to Symptomsofdehydration.com, 2009): Thirst Loss of appetite Dry skin Flushing Dark colored urine Dry mouth / Cotton mouth
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Fatigue / Weakness Chills Head rushes If the dehydration is allowed to continue, when the body experiences fluid loss of 5% the following more severe dehydration effects are normally experienced (Symptomsofdehydration.com, 2009): Increased heart rate Increased respiration Decreased sweating Decreased urination Increased body temperature Extreme fatigue Muscle cramps Headaches Nausea Tingling of the limbs Water is essential for health, which means not just absence from disease but the maintenance of well being (Smith, 2001). Water is essential to health maintenance because our cells are mostly made up of water, and all the essential functions of every single cell in our body are carried out in the presence of the universal solvent (Quire, 2008). Water is essential to maintain
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body's homeostasis. If normal water levels are not maintained, it will affect the osmotic pressure,
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2010 for the course SCI/241 SCI/241 taught by Professor Tierapacklawyer during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Dehydration Assignment - Dehydration Assignment The...

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