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MLA Format - MLA 2009 Abbreviations Uppercase Letter...

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MLA 2009 Abbreviations
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Uppercase Letter Abbreviations Do not use periods or spaces in abbreviations composed solely of capital letters, except in the case of proper names: US, MA, CD, HTML P. D. James, J. R. R. Tolkien, E. B. White
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Lowercase Letter Abbreviations Use a period if the abbreviation ends in a lower case letter, unless referring to an internet suffix, where the period should come before the abbreviation: assn., conf., Eng., esp. .com, .edu, .gov (URL suffixes) Note: Degree names are a notable exception to the lowercase abbreviation rule. PhD, EdD, PsyD Use periods between letters without spacing if each letter represents a word in common lower case abbreviations: a.m., e.g., i.e. Other notable exceptions: mph, os, rpm, ns
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Abbreviations in Citations Time Designations Remember to follow common trends in abbreviating time and location within citations. Month names longer than four letters used in journal and magazine citations: Jan., Sept., Nov.
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Geographic Names Geographic names of states and countries in book citations when the publisher's city is not well known or could be confused with another city. Abbreviate country, province, and state names. Logan, UT; Manchester, Eng.; Sherbrooke, QC
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Scholarly Abbreviations List common scholarly abbreviations as they appear below: Anon. for anonymous C. or ca. for circa Comp. for compiler Fwd. for foreword Jour. for journal Lib. for library Sec. or sect. for section Ser. for series Var. for variant Writ. for written by or writer
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Publisher Names Omit articles, business abbreviations (like Corp. or Inc.), and descriptive words (e.g. Press, Publishers, House)
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