15-1 CHAPTER 15 Capital Structure: Basic Concepts Multiple Choice Questions: I. DEFINITIONS HOMEMADE LEVERAGE a 1. The use of personal borrowing to change the overall amount of financial leverage to which an individual is exposed is called: a. homemade leverage. b. dividend recapture. c. the weighted average cost of capital. d. private debt placement. e. personal offset. Difficulty level: Easy MM PROPOSITION I b 2. The proposition that the value of the firm is independent of its capital structure is called: a. the capital asset pricing model. b. MM Proposition I. c. MM Proposition II. d. the law of one price. e. the efficient markets hypothesis. Difficulty level: Easy MM PROPOSITION II c 3. The proposition that the cost of equity is a positive linear function of capital structure is called: a. the capital asset pricing model. b. MM Proposition I. c. MM Proposition II. d. the law of one price. e. the efficient markets hypothesis. Difficulty level: Medium INTEREST TAX SHIELD a 4. The tax savings of the firm derived from the deductibility of interest expense is called the: a. interest tax shield. b. depreciable basis. c. financing umbrella. d. current yield. e. tax-loss carryforward savings. Difficulty level: Easy
15-2 UNLEVERED COST OF CAPITAL b 5. The unlevered cost of capital is: a. the cost of capital for a firm with no equity in its capital structure. b. the cost of capital for a firm with no debt in its capital structure. c. the interest tax shield times pretax net income. d. the cost of preferred stock for a firm with equal parts debt and common stock in its capital structure. e. equal to the profit margin for a firm with some debt in its capital structure. Difficulty level: Easy WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL e 6. The cost of capital for a firm, rWACC, in a zero tax environment is: a. equal to the expected earnings divided by market value of the unlevered firm. b. equal to the rate of return for that business risk class. c. equal to the overall rate of return required on the levered firm. d. is constant regardless of the amount of leverage. e. All of the above. Difficulty level: Medium BALANCE SHEET d 7. The difference between a market value balance sheet and a book value balance sheet is that a market value balance sheet: a. places assets on the right hand side. b. places liabilities on the left hand side. c. does not equate the right hand with the left hand side. d. lists items in terms of market values, not historical costs. e. uses the market rate of return. Difficulty level: Easy CAPITAL STRUCTURE DEFINITION d 8. The firm's capital structure refers to: a. the way a firm invests its assets. b. the amount of capital in the firm. c. the amount of dividends a firm pays. d. the mix of debt and equity used to finance the firm's assets. e. how much cash the firm holds.
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