ILAC - ILAC GUIDELINES FOR FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORIES...

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ILAC Guidelines for Forensic Laboratories - Draft 1.4 September 1999 ILAC GUIDELINES FOR FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORIES
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ILAC Guidelines for Forensic Laboratories - Draft 1.4 2 of 17 CONTENTS Page Introduction 2 1 Scope 3 2 References 5 3 Terms and Definitions 5 4 Management Requirements 7 4.1 Organisation and Management 7 4.2 Quality System 7 4.3 Document Control 7 4.4 Review of Requests, Tenders and Contracts 7 4.5 Subcontracting of Tests and Calibrations 7 4.6 Purchasing Services and Supplies 7 4.7 Service to the Client 7 4.8 Complaints 7 4.9 Control of Non-conforming Testing and/or Calibration Work 7 4.10 Corrective Action 7 4.11 Preventive Action 7 4.12 Control of Records 8 4.13 Internal Audits 8 4.14 Management Reviews 8 5 Technical Requirements 8 5.1 General 8 5.2 Personnel 9 5.3 Accommodation and Environmental Conditions 9 5.4 Test and Calibration Methods and Method Validation 9 5.5 Equipment 11 5.6 Measurement Traceability 12 5.7 Sampling 13 5.8 Handling of Test and Calibration Items 13 5.9 Assuring the Quality of Test and Calibration Results 13 5.10 Reporting the Results 14 Annexes A: Bibliography 15
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ILAC Guidelines for Forensic Laboratories - Draft 1.4 3 of 17 INTRODUCTION The general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories are described in ISO/IEC 17025. These requirements are designed to apply to all types of calibration and objective testing and therefore need to be interpreted with respect to the type of calibration and testing concerned and the techniques involved. This document has been produced in consultation with Working Group 4 of the ILAC Committee on Technical Accreditation Issues and is intended to provide guidance for laboratories involved in forensic analysis and examination by providing interpretation and amplification of ISO/IEC 17025. This document does not re-state all the provisions of ISO/IEC 17025 and laboratories are reminded of the need to comply with all of the relevant criteria detailed in ISO/IEC 17025. This document may also be used by accreditation bodies to provide appropriate criteria for the assessment and accreditation of laboratories providing forensic services. Laboratories are also reminded of the need to comply with any relevant statutory or legislative requirements.
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ILAC Guidelines for Forensic Laboratories - Draft 1.4 4 of 17 1. SCOPE Forensic science refers to the examination of scenes of crime, recovery of evidence, laboratory examinations, interpretation of findings and presentation of the conclusions reached for intelligence purposes or for use in court. The activities range from instrumental analysis with unequivocal results, such as blood alcohol determination and glass refractive index measurement, to the investigation of suspicious fires and vehicle accidents, to comparison work such as handwriting and toolmark examination, which is largely subjective in nature but which, with training, can produce consistent outcomes between different forensic scientists.
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