FIM - 1 FingerImageModule 2 3 LCDDisplay 4 RFDevices 5 Encoder(HT18E 6 Decoder(HT18D 7 EEPROM(24C04A 4.1FingerImageModul

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Chapter 4 – Components used in wireless voting machine using FIM The main concepts used in wireless voting machine using FIM are 1. Finger Image Module 2. Micro Controller AT89C51  3. LCD Display 4. RF Devices 5. Encoder (HT18E) 6. Decoder (HT18D) 7. EEPROM (24C04A) 4.1 Finger Image Module Fingerprint recognition or fingerprint authentication refers to the automated method of verifying a match between two human fingerprints . Fingerprints are one of many forms of biometrics used to identify an individual and verify their identity . This article touches on two major classes of algorithms (minutia and pattern) and four sensor designs (optical, ultrasonic, passive capacitance, and active capacitance). 4.2 Background: The analysis of fingerprints for matching purposes generally requires the comparison of several features of the print pattern. These include patterns, which are aggregate characteristics of ridges, and minutia points, which are unique features found within the patterns. [1] It is also necessary to know the structure and properties of human skin in order to successfully employ some of the imaging technologies. The three basic patterns of fingerprint ridges are the arch, loop, and whorl . An arch is a pattern where the ridges enter from one side of the finger, rise in the center forming an arc, and then exit the other side of the finger. The loop is a pattern where the ridges enter from one side of a finger, form a curve, and tend to exit from the same side they enter. In the whorl pattern, ridges form circularly around a central point on the finger. Scientists have found that family members often share the same general fingerprint patterns, leading to the belief that these patterns are inherited .
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4.3: Minutia features: The major Minutia features of fingerprint ridges are: ridge ending, bifurcation, and short ridge (or dot). The ridge ending is the point at which a ridge terminates. Bifurcations are points at which a single ridge splits into two ridges. Short ridges (or dots) are ridges which are significantly shorter than the average ridge length on the fingerprint. Minutiae and patterns are very important in the analysis of fingerprints since no two fingers have been shown to be identical. Figure 4.3.1 Ridge ending, Bifurcation and Short Ridge respectively 4.4 Fingerprint sensors A fingerprint sensor is an electronic device used to capture a digital image of the fingerprint pattern. The captured image is called a live scan. This live scan is digitally processed to create a biometric template (a collection of extracted features ) which is stored and used for matching. This is an overview of some of the more commonly used fingerprint sensor technologies . 4.5
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2010 for the course ECE 100 taught by Professor Shahed during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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FIM - 1 FingerImageModule 2 3 LCDDisplay 4 RFDevices 5 Encoder(HT18E 6 Decoder(HT18D 7 EEPROM(24C04A 4.1FingerImageModul

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