Lecture4_5w - membrane and release o mucus. From Miyake et...

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Monosaccharides
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Fig. 5.2
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RafFnose galactose - sucrose connected via an alpha(1-6) glycosidic linkage
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Fig. 5.3
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Glycogen Reserves Used for Heavy Exercise Bicyclists fed different diets for 1-3 days, (all 2800 kcal) then rode to exhaustion. Glycogen data from biopsy
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Fig. 5.5
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Absorption of Glucose by Small Intestine SGLT1: Na-glucose cotransporter GLUT2: Glucose carrier, bidirectional facilitator Lumen of S.I. Epithelial Cell Toward blood
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Health Benefts oF Dietary ±iber Increases bulk and soFtens stool -> less pressure For elimination -> reduces constipation -> -> more rapid elimination -> reduces risk oF colon cancer. Soluble and Insoluble fber: (main eFFects on colon) Binds glucose so slows glucose absorption -> reduces risk oF diabetes Binds cholesterol so slows absorption-> reduces risk oF cardiovascular disease Reduces appetite -> reduce risk oF obesity Soluble fber:
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Fiber - Mucus and Cell Repair Cell injury leads to Ca infux, vesicle ±usion that repairs plasma
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Unformatted text preview: membrane and release o mucus. From Miyake et al., PLoS Sept 2006 Fiber - Mucus and Membrane Repair Injury of gastric mucous cells Dye for leaky cells Dye for mucus Miyake et al., PLoS Sept 2006 Fig. 5.7Fig. 5.8 Fig. 5.11 Effect of Insulin on Glucose Uptake and Metabolism Fig. 5.12 Diabetes Mellitus--Type 1 Accounts for 5-10% of cases Most often juvenile onset Insulin dependent due to loss of beta cells Treatment: insulin injections Diabetes Mellitus--Type 2 Accounts for majority of cases of DM 80% is associated with obesity Non-insulin dependent to start Reduced insulin sensitivity Over secretion of insulin to compensate Leads to beta cells failure Treatment: medication and diet therapy (weight loss) Extra Material (Optional) pg.142 Table 5.6a Table 5.9 Aspartame (asp-phe) structure incorrect: -CH 2- between NH3 and C-H in asp should not be there. X Table 5.4...
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Lecture4_5w - membrane and release o mucus. From Miyake et...

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