G7 - JAPN 10C(Grammar and Practice Activities 7 Adverbial...

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Unformatted text preview: JAPN 10C (Grammar and Practice Activities 7. Adverbial Use of Adjectives pp.48-49) Lec. Sec. [ ] Name [ ] Review of Adjectives & Adverbs: Adjectives modify nouns. Also, they appear in the latter part of the sentence. ・prenominal use: The store is selling interesting bags. あの店は おもしろい バッグを売っています。 Ms. Honda is a quiet person. 本田さんは しずかな 人です。 ・predicate use: The bags at the store are interesting. あの店のバッグは
 。 Ms. Honda is quiet. 本田さんは
 。 Adverbs modify nouns adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. ・The store is selling very expensive bags. あの店は
 高いバッグを売っています。 ・I studied a lot. 
 勉強しました。 ・I have very many things to do today. 今日はすることが
 たくさんあります。 Some of the adjectives can have adverbial forms. adjectives i-adjective na-adjective 早い いい/よい しずか きれい adverbial form 早い く よい く しずか に きれい に Modified アクティビティー 29 (pp.49-50) 1. I plan to go back home early today. 今日は家に
 かえるつもりです。 I got up early today. 今日は
 起きました。 Cf. 
 起きなさい。→ Get up now . 2. Eat your ramen a little bit more quietly. もう少し
 ラーメンを食べなさい。 3. Please write your name a little bigger. もう少し
 名前を書いて下さい。 4. Clean up your room better (lit. more “cleanly”). 6. Did you wait long? 
 まちましたか。 7. Mr. Ford speaks Japanese well (lit. “skillfully”). フォードさんは
 日本語を話します。 Cf. Mr. Ford speaks good (lit. “skillful”) Japanese. フォードさんは
 日本語を話します。 部屋をもっと
 そうじしなさい。 5. You must not come to class late. クラスに
 来てはいけません。 JAPN 10C (Grammar and Practice Activities 8. Expressing Obligation or Duty pp.51-52) Lec. Sec. [ ] Name [ ] 8.1 & 2 (pp.51-52): The following is used to express “Obligation or Duty.” “must/have to do ~” Verb な *くては Verb な ければ * いけません。 plain form: 
 ) ( なりません。 plain form: 
 ) ( だめです。 plain form: 
 ) ( [lit. “(If you do not ~,) it’s no good.”] * Because of な as in ない, these verb forms are before ない. ex. 話す → 話さな い → 話さな いくては 話す → 話さな い → 話さな いければ The sentence can be in the past tense: “had to do ~ * Read “言語ノート: まで vs. までに” on p.52. 1. I have to be here until 2:00 today. 今日は 2 時 まで ここにいるなくてはいけません。 なければ 2. I had to go back home by 2:00. 2 時 までに 家にかえるらなくてはなりませんで し た 。 
 らなければ 3. You must go to bed early. 早くねるなくてはだめです。 なければ 4. Mr. Toyota had to go to Canada. とよ田さんはカナダに行くかなくてはいけませんで し た 。 
 かなければ * * Find a partner and ask your partner to do an activity with you. When asked, turn down his/her invitation by telling him/her that you have to do something else. Take turns. A: さ ん 、 明日いっしょにえいがを見に行きま せ ん か 。 なくては なければ いけない ならない
 んです。 だめな B:す み ま せ ん 。 ざ ん ね ん で す が 、 明日はベビーシッターをし suggested activities play sports, have something to eat, have something to drink, study Japanese, watch a Japanese drama on T V, go shopping, go swimming, go to Disneyland, go to Ito-sensee’s office , etc. you may have to: stay (いる) home, do homework, make dinner, clean your room, work (はたらく), write a composition (さくぶん), go to your friend’s house, meet your friend, go back home, etc. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course JAPANESE JAP10C taught by Professor Ito during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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