Unformatted text preview: JAPN 10C (Grammar and Practice Activities 10. Expressing a Purpose: โฆใใ(ใซ) pp.89-90) Lec. Sec. [ ] Name [ ] 10.1 (pp.89-90): ใใ is a noun that indicates a purpose or a benefit in the following pattern. Noun + ใฎ Verb ( Dictionary Form ) ใใ(ใซ)(ใ) [ Verb that can be controlled by a subject ] [Adverbial Phrase: โfor the sake of Nounโ โin order to do ~โ] Noun 1 + ใฎ Verb ( Dictionary Form ) ใใ ใฎ Noun 2 [Noun Phrase: โNoun 2 intended for Noun 1โ โNoun 2 for the purpose of doing ~โ] 1. I made a cake for my friend. ็งใฏใใจใใ ใก ใฎใใใซ ใฑใผใญใไฝใใพใใใ
็งใฏใใจใใ ใก ใฎใใใฎ ใฑใผใญใไฝใใพใใใ 2. Mr. Toyota is now studying for the quiz. ใจใ็ฐใใใฏไปใฏใคใบ ใฎใใใซ ๅๅผท(ใ)ใใฆใใพใใ
ใจใ็ฐใใใฏไปใฏใคใบ ใฎใใใฎ ๅๅผทใใใฆใใพใใ 3. Mr. Honda wrote a book for his children. 4. Mr. Honda wrote a book for children. ๆฌ็ฐใใใฏๅญใฉใ ใฎใใใซ ๆฌใๆธใใพใใใ ๆฌ็ฐใใใฏๅญใฉใ ใฎใใใฎ ๆฌใๆธใใพใใใ 5. Ms. Ford withdrew money from the bank in order to buy a car.
ใใฉใผใใใใฏ่ปใ ่ฒทใใใใซ ใใ่กใใใ้ใใใใใพใใใ 6. Ms. Ford withdrew money to buy a car from the bank.
ใใฉใผใใใใฏใใ่กใใ่ปใ ่ฒทใใใใฎ ใ้ใใใใใพใใใ 7. Ms. Ford went to a car dealership in order to buy a car.
ใใฉใผใใใใฏ่ปใ ่ฒทใใใใซ ใซใผใใฃใผใฉใผใซ่กใใพใใใ Rephrase the above: ใใฉใผใใใใฏ่ปใ ่ฒทใใซ ใซใผใใฃใผใฉใผใซ่กใใพใใใ 10.2 (p.90): ใใ is a noun that indicates a reason or a cause in the following pattern. Reason/Cause Sentence ( Plain Form ) Except: na-adj. ใ โ na-adj.โฉ ใช noun ใ โ noun ใฎ Main Clause ใใ(ใซ)(ใ [ unfavorable situations occur. ] ) โMotion Verbโ * The sen tence that follows ใใ and ใฎใง can hav e both favorable situations and unfavorable ones. 1. Because of rain, the picnic got canceled. ้จ ใฎใใใซ ใใฏใใใฏใฏใญใฃใณใปใซใซใชใใพใใใ 2. Because it was raining a lot, many students came late for class.
้จใใใใใ ใตใฃใฆใใใใใซ ใๅคใใฎๅญฆ็ใใฏใฉในใซใใใๆฅใพใใใ 3. Because the neighborhood was inconvenient, I decided not to rent the house.
่ฟๆ ใ ใตในใใ ใฃใใใใซ ใใฎๅฎถใใใใชใใใจใซใใใ 4. Because the movie was very long, I could not come back home until 11:00 at night.
ใใใ ใ ใจใฆใ้ทใใใฃใใใใซ ็งใฏๅค 11 ๆใพใงๅฎถใซใใใใพใใใงใใใ
(้ทใใใใซ) (ใตในใใชใใใซ) ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course JAPANESE JAP10C taught by Professor Ito during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.
- Spring '08