G10 - JAPN 10C(Grammar and Practice Activities 10...

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Unformatted text preview: JAPN 10C (Grammar and Practice Activities 10. Expressing a Purpose: โ€ฆใŸใ‚(ใซ) pp.89-90) Lec. Sec. [ ] Name [ ] 10.1 (pp.89-90): ใŸใ‚ is a noun that indicates a purpose or a benefit in the following pattern. Noun + ใฎ Verb ( Dictionary Form ) ใŸใ‚(ใซ)(ใ€) [ Verb that can be controlled by a subject ] [Adverbial Phrase: โ€œfor the sake of Nounโ€ โ€œin order to do ~โ€] Noun 1 + ใฎ Verb ( Dictionary Form ) ใŸใ‚ ใฎ Noun 2 [Noun Phrase: โ€œNoun 2 intended for Noun 1โ€ โ€œNoun 2 for the purpose of doing ~โ€] 1. I made a cake for my friend. ็งใฏใ€ใจใ‚‚ใ ใก ใฎใŸใ‚ใซ ใ‚ฑใƒผใ‚ญใ‚’ไฝœใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ็งใฏใ€ใจใ‚‚ใ ใก ใฎใŸใ‚ใฎ ใ‚ฑใƒผใ‚ญใ‚’ไฝœใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 2. Mr. Toyota is now studying for the quiz. ใจใ‚ˆ็”ฐใ•ใ‚“ใฏไปŠใ‚ฏใ‚คใ‚บ ใฎใŸใ‚ใซ ๅ‹‰ๅผท(ใ‚’)ใ—ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใจใ‚ˆ็”ฐใ•ใ‚“ใฏไปŠใ‚ฏใ‚คใ‚บ ใฎใŸใ‚ใฎ ๅ‹‰ๅผทใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ 3. Mr. Honda wrote a book for his children. 4. Mr. Honda wrote a book for children. ๆœฌ็”ฐใ•ใ‚“ใฏๅญใฉใ‚‚ ใฎใŸใ‚ใซ ๆœฌใ‚’ๆ›ธใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ๆœฌ็”ฐใ•ใ‚“ใฏๅญใฉใ‚‚ ใฎใŸใ‚ใฎ ๆœฌใ‚’ๆ›ธใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 5. Ms. Ford withdrew money from the bank in order to buy a car. ใƒ•ใ‚ฉใƒผใƒ‰ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ่ปŠใ‚’ ่ฒทใ†ใŸใ‚ใซ ใŽใ‚“่กŒใ‹ใ‚‰ใŠ้‡‘ใ‚’ใŠใ‚ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 6. Ms. Ford withdrew money to buy a car from the bank. ใƒ•ใ‚ฉใƒผใƒ‰ใ•ใ‚“ใฏใŽใ‚“่กŒใ‹ใ‚‰่ปŠใ‚’ ่ฒทใ†ใŸใ‚ใฎ ใŠ้‡‘ใ‚’ใŠใ‚ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 7. Ms. Ford went to a car dealership in order to buy a car. ใƒ•ใ‚ฉใƒผใƒ‰ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ่ปŠใ‚’ ่ฒทใ†ใŸใ‚ใซ ใ‚ซใƒผใƒ‡ใ‚ฃใƒผใƒฉใƒผใซ่กŒใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Rephrase the above: ใƒ•ใ‚ฉใƒผใƒ‰ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ่ปŠใ‚’ ่ฒทใ„ใซ ใ‚ซใƒผใƒ‡ใ‚ฃใƒผใƒฉใƒผใซ่กŒใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 10.2 (p.90): ใŸใ‚ is a noun that indicates a reason or a cause in the following pattern. Reason/Cause Sentence ( Plain Form ) Except: na-adj. ใ  โ†’ na-adj.โ€ฉ ใช noun ใ  โ†’ noun ใฎ Main Clause ใŸใ‚(ใซ)(ใ€ [ unfavorable situations occur. ] ) โ€œMotion Verbโ€ * The sen tence that follows ใ‹ใ‚‰ and ใฎใง can hav e both favorable situations and unfavorable ones. 1. Because of rain, the picnic got canceled. ้›จ ใฎใŸใ‚ใซ ใƒ”ใ‚ฏใƒ‹ใƒƒใ‚ฏใฏใ‚ญใƒฃใƒณใ‚ปใƒซใซใชใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 2. Because it was raining a lot, many students came late for class. ้›จใŒใŸใใ•ใ‚“ ใตใฃใฆใ„ใŸใŸใ‚ใซ ใ€ๅคšใใฎๅญฆ็”ŸใŒใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใซใŠใใๆฅใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ 3. Because the neighborhood was inconvenient, I decided not to rent the house. ่ฟ‘ๆ‰€ ใŒ ใตในใ‚“ใ ใฃใŸใŸใ‚ใซ ใใฎๅฎถใ‚’ใ‹ใ‚Šใชใ„ใ“ใจใซใ—ใŸใ€‚ 4. Because the movie was very long, I could not come back home until 11:00 at night. ใˆใ„ใŒ ใŒ ใจใฆใ‚‚้•ทใ„ใ‹ใฃใŸใŸใ‚ใซ ็งใฏๅคœ 11 ๆ™‚ใพใงๅฎถใซใ‹ใˆใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใงใ—ใŸใ€‚ (้•ทใ„ใŸใ‚ใซ) (ใตในใ‚“ใชใŸใ‚ใซ) ...
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