ch._2_ap_notes - Chapter 2 The Constitution Click to edit...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/10 Chapter 2 The Constitution
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/10 History
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4/19/10 Colonial Mind Believed that British politicians were corrupt and thus the English constitution was inadequate to protect citizens’ liberty Believed in a higher law embodying natural rights & “Life, Liberty, and Property” (Hobbes) “Pursuit of Happiness”(Jefferson) War of ideology, not economics
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4/19/10 Real Revolution The “real” revolution was the radical change in belief about what made authority legitimate and liberties secure Government by consent, not prerogative Political power exercise by direct grant of power in a written constitution
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4/19/10 Weaknesses of Confederacy Could not levy taxes or regulate commerce Sovereignty, independence retained by states 1 vote in Congress for each state 9 of 13 votes in Congress required for any measure Delegates to Congress picked, paid for by state legislature
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4/19/10 Constitutional Convention State Constitutions PA& most democratic, but trampled minority rights- government was too strong MA& less democratic, but government was too weak (Shays Rebellion” brought fear that states about to collapse from internal dissention)
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4/19/10 Constitutional Convention The Framers Attending: men of practical affairs, including Continental army veterans and members of the Congress of the Articles of Confederation Absent: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry An entirely new constitution was written, although the gathering was authorized
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4/19/10 Virginia Plan Strong national government organized into 3 branches Bicameral legislature Executive and members of the National Judiciary were chosen by legislature Council of revision (select few of executives and legislatures) with
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4/19/10 New Jersey Plan Generated from a fear that legislative representation would be based on population, allowing the more populated states to always out vote the less populated states Sought to amend rather than replace the Articles of Confederation Proposed 1 vote per state, so Congress would be the creature of
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4/19/10 The Great (CT) Compromise House of Representatives based on population and directly elected by people Senate composed of 2 members per state and elected by state legislatures Reconciled interests of large and small states—the former dominated in the House of Representatives, the
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/10 Constitution and Democracy
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4/19/10 DID THE CONSTITUTION CREATE A DEMOCRACY? WAS
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4/19/10 HOW CAN ONE DEVISE A GOVERNMENT STRONG ENOUGH TO PRESERVE ORDER BUT NOT SO STRONG THAT IT WOULD THREATEN LIBERTY??? Madison, writing later in the Federalist papers, put
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2010 for the course D.A. 123432 taught by Professor Scholts during the Spring '10 term at 카이스트, 한국과학기술원.

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ch._2_ap_notes - Chapter 2 The Constitution Click to edit...

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