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Lecture 1- student

Lecture 1- student - ResearchMethodsIn ResearchMethodsIn...

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Research Methods In  Research Methods In  Psychology Psychology Introduction to Course August 31, 2009
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Agenda Agenda : : Introductions Syllabi Lecture Break In-class Activity
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The Science of Psychology: The Science of Psychology: Psychologists: Develop theories Conduct psychological research Answer questions about behavior and mental  processes Impacts both individuals and society
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Scientific Method : An abstract concept that  refers to the ways in which questions are asked  and the logic and methods used to gain answers. Psychologists use the scientific method to answer  questions about behavior, thoughts, and feelings Two main aspects: Empirical approach Direct observation and experimentation as a way of answering  questions Skeptical attitude “See it before believing it” Converging evidence across different studies is the strongest  evidence The Scientific Method: The Scientific Method:
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Science in Context: Science in Context: To be effective, psychologists must build  upon a foundation of carefully designed  and executed research Human activities are heavily influenced  by the context in which they occur: Historical Context Social/ Cultural Context Moral Context
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Science in  Science in  Context Context continued continued Historical context: 1879- Official beginning of psychology when  Wilhelm Wundt established a formal  psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany 19 th  Century- psychology begins to affiliate  with the physical sciences (physics, chemistry,  astronomy) rather than philosophy; shift from  strong interest in spiritualism and psychic  phenomena to empiricism 20 th  Century- computer revolution Today- shift from behavioralism to cognitive  psychology
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Science in  Science in  Context Context continued continued Social/ Cultural context: Reciprocal relationship- research has an effect on  and is affected by society Sensitivity to societal concerns- psychology is not  strictly a laboratory science Ethnocentrism- an attempt to understand the  behavior of individuals in different cultures based  solely on experiences in one’s own culture Example: Kohlberg’s stages of moral development Importance of cross-cultural research Applying the concept
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