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THEO 206: STUDY GUIDE QUIZ 3Definitions:-ChristologyThe doctrine about the person and works of Jesus Christ as well as the relationship of his twonatures: divine and human.-HomoousionsA problematic, non-biblical Greek term used to describe Jesus's nature "of one substance withthe father" by the Creed of Nicaea. For this reason, for the next 50 years, the debate about thetrinity will continue. It can also be translated as "consubstantial".-The hypostatic unionIngredients that Council of Ephesus in 431 came up with:oA true personal union of two natures took place in Jesus-FilioqueFilioque (the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and from the Son)Hilary of Poitiers and Ambrose of Milan used the term before AugustineFilioque was used to protect the Trinity from being understood as an unequal graded triadFilioque gave more emphasis to the unity of God than the Greek formula didThe Son is a perfect image and resemblance of the Father the Word of God is the seat of themodels of all finite beings which could serve as partial limitations of the highest beingThe models of the minor resemblances are called the ideas (divine thoughts)History-The Edict of Milan313 AD signed into order by Constantine and Licinius. Granted religious freedom to all butespecially meaningful for Christians:- Tolerance toward Christians- Christian symbols appear on the coinage-Sentences passed by episcopal tribunals recognized as valid by the state- Churches are given the right to inherit property (a measure allowing them to increase theirheritage). Places of worship multiply.- Christians rise to the highest posts in the administration- The first restrictive measures against pagan practices- The cult of the emperor as in some way "equal of the Apostles"The persecution of Christians ended in 313 when Constantine of the West and Licinius of theEast proclaimed the Edict of Milan, which established a policy of religious freedom for all(except, when you think about it, Pagans).-The Battle of the Milvian Bridge312 AD. Maxentius (Roman Emperor) is killed.Constantine has vision of the cross - "In this sign you will conquer" => Converts from SunWorshiper to Christianity. Enables the Edict of Milan.
-The division of the Christian empire into east and west395 AD marks the definitive division of the Christian Empire.Ecumenical Councils-The council of Constantinople381 ADoPhase II of the Ecumenical CounciloMain Actors:o- Eunomius of Cyzicus (c. 335 - 395 AD)o- Basil of Caesarea (c. 329 - 379 AD)o- Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335 - 394)o- Gregory of Nazianzus (c. 329 - 389 AD)o- Augustine (354 - 430 AD) TheDeclaration:o- The Council of Constantinople (held in 381 AD) spoke of God as being one in nature (orsubstance) and three in persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)o- It declared that the Holy Spirit is also God, but avoided the troublesome, non-biblicalword "homoousions"o- Substance/nature is "ousia" and person is "prosopon" or "ohypostasis"o- Arianism was formally defeated-The Council of Ephesus