LAIS 10 midterm review

LAIS 10 midterm review - Pampas -treeless flat plains and...

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Pampas -treeless flat plains and grasslands. The core of cattle and agriculture in argentina and Uruguay. -many raw materials are exported from here -areas in Latin America (mainly argentina) that produces the most crops -developed during the free trade era Mestizo -people of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry Mesoamerica -most dense population -mexico and central america Andes -Densely populated -very poor -water of the andes goes to amazon, Orinoco, and the plata rivers Altiplano (southern Bolivia) -semi-arid high plains -densely populated -part of the Andes -bulk of the indigenous ppl -where some coca is grown Columbian exhange -imperial economics- exports of raw materials from colonies to Europe, dependence on Europe for industrial goods -europeans brought sheep, goats, chicken, slaves, diseases, horses, pigs, grapes, wheat, horses, and cattle to the ‘new world’(America) -europeans took back chili, corns, beans, squash, turkeys, gold, silver, potatoes, chocolate, tobacco Hacienda -mainly in the highlands. Produced wheat and cotton and etc -group of properties owned by an absentee landlord. Produced a variety of crops for local markets -low risk investment. Didn’t depend on a single crop or foreign markets. Spent little on labor and imported technology Debt peonage - all over latin America during the colonial period -peasants working on their parcels which are on haciendas -only place where they can buy anything is from the store controlled by the haciendas -became so in debt to the haciendas that they couldn’t pay it off. Debt goes to children which lead to being tied to the land
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-how people in latin America got into debt slavery -columbus used African slaves for sugar plantations in brazil then spread through the Caribbean. Confianza - trust/ppl you can depend on w/o pay -basis of relationships in latin America migrant remittances A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to his or her home country. Money sent home by migrants constitutes the second largest financial inflow to many developing countries, exceeding international aid. compadrazgo
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course LAIS 10 taught by Professor O'connell during the Fall '09 term at UCSB.

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LAIS 10 midterm review - Pampas -treeless flat plains and...

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