Class Notes 1

Class Notes 1 - Sociological Concepts and Control: Social...

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Sociological Concepts and Control: Social Construction of Sexuality Hadley Creighton Sociological Terms: Norms: social standards of appropriate behavior o Sexually Speaking: heterosexuality, explicit, consent Values: beliefs about why norms are good and appropriate o Heterosexuality is good because it is how reproduction occurs o Importance of consent Ideology: belief system that justifies/challenges particular social arrangements o EX: religion and the bible, science and reproduction) o Able to argue against also (i.e. the bible, God made me this way) Stratification: system for ranking society’s members based on certain characters that influences the distribution of resources and social status (Functionalism) o 16% of African Americans are unemployed and there are only 10% of whites o Women make 74 cents to the dollar compared to men for the same job o Who is allowed to marry (legalized in 2003) Inequality: there is tension between those with access to resources and those with limited access or denied access (Conflict) Sociological Eye: using a sociological theory to look at our world C Wright Mills’ Sociological Imagination: o Intersection of biography with history (ability to see) o Our ability to see where our story intersects with our societies history Peter Berger’s Sociological Perspective: o Seeing the general and the particular—seeing the connection between general social patterns and individual behavior.
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o What we like to do in the general Sociological Perspective: seeing individuality in social contact—people make choices, but some choices are easier than others depending on the context and we are not as unique as we think Berger Social Control: The system of rewards and punishments (positive and negative sanctions) that ensure (most) people to adhere to the socially agreed upon standards of behavior We do what we’re supposed to do and don’t do what we aren’t supposed to do Techniques of Social Control: o Violence or threat of violence Most effective in short-term, but doesn’t last (burned) o Political sanctions Right to vote, elected to office-political control EX: wife stands behind with children to show straight white male is in power o Economic Sanctions Deny ability to make a living/same salary Pink Ceiling: limitation to how far a woman can go in a corporation Lavender Ceiling: how high a LGBT can go in a corporation o Threat of ostracism Kicked out of society/friends/etc. EX: homosexuality, cheating, peeing whilst fornicating o Ridicule and gossip Slut/player o Persuasion of intimates
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People who are impatient to us (family, friends, lovers, etc.) can persuade us to become someone we weren’t before Not coercion! o
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course SOCY 1006 taught by Professor Walden during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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Class Notes 1 - Sociological Concepts and Control: Social...

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