2009_57_1_singh_45 - J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 57, 2009, 1,...

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J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 57 , 2009, 1, 45–54 DOI: 10.2478/V10098-009-0005-1 45 SPATIAL-TEMPORAL MONITORING OF GROUNDWATER USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES IN BAREILLY DISTRICT OF UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA SUDHIR KUMAR SINGH 1)* , CHANDER KUMAR SINGH 2) , KEWAT SANJAY KUMAR 1) , RAMVTAR GUPTA 2) , SAUMITRA MUKHERJEE 2) 1) * Corresponding author, Department of Forestry, Mizoram University, Aizwal-796009, India; mailto: sudhirinjnu@gmail.com 2) School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-67, India. Monitoring of groundwater quality in Bareilly district, Uttar Pradesh, India, was performed at 10 differ- ent sites during the years 2005–2006. Obtained quality parameters were treated using principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA). The study shows usefulness of multivariate statistical techniques for evaluation and interpretation of groundwater quality data sets. KEY WORDS: Cluster Analysis, Principal Component Analysis, Groundwater Quality. Sudhir Kumar Singh, Chander Kumar Singh, Kewat Sanjay Kumar, Ramvtar Gupta, Saumitra Mukherjee: MONITOROVÁNÍ PODZEMNÍ VODY V Č ASE A V PROSTORU POMOCÍ MULTIVARIA Č NÍCH STATISTICKÝCH METOD V OBLASTI BAREILLY, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIE. J. Hydrol. Hydro- mech., 57 , 2009, 1; 36 lit., 2 obr., 4 tab. V letech 2005–2006 byla na deseti odb ě rných místech v regionu Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, Indie sledována kvalita podzemní vody. Zjišt ě né kvalitativní parametry byly zpracovány pomocí analýzy hlavního prvku (PCA) a pomocí shlukové analýzy (CA). Studie dokládá vhodnost multivaria č ních statistických metod pro vyhodnocení a interpretaci zm ěř ených výsledk ů . KLÍ Č OVÁ SLOVA: shluková analýza, analýza pomocí hlavního prvku, kvalita podzemní vody. 1. Introduction : The quality of surface and groundwater is very serious concern today. The World Health Organiza- tion reports that ~80% of diseases are waterborne. The percentage mostly lies in the developing na- tions and underdeveloped nations. Hence for safe drinking water a regular assessment and monitoring of water resources is required. Water contamination and its sustainable management need our attention because of far reaching impact on human health. The natural processes (changes in precipitation inputs, soil erosion, weathering of crustal rocks) degrade surface and groundwater and impair their use of water resources for various purposes viz. drinking, industrial, agricultural, recreation or other. The quality of groundwater resources at any point reflects several major influences including lithology of the area, atmospheric inputs, climatic conditions and anthropogenic inputs. Municipal and industrial waste water discharge constitutes a con- stant polluting source, whereas surface runoff is a seasonal phenomenon, largely affected by climate within the basin ( Singh et al., 2004). The water chemistry varies at the spatial and temporal scale. Seasonal variations in the form and rate of precipi-
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course CIVL 306455301 taught by Professor Mudiliu during the Three '09 term at University of Sydney.

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2009_57_1_singh_45 - J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 57, 2009, 1,...

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