Full Final Study Guide (Talia)

Full Final Study Guide (Talia) - Psychology Final CHAPTER...

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Psychology Final CHAPTER 11 -- PERSONALITY personality – an individual’s unique collection of consistent behavioral traits personality trait – a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations ex) honest, moody, impulsive, etc. personality can be affected both by biology and by culture -biology – traits such as anger issues -culture – you act more impulsive people the people you hang out with are impulsive Five Factor Model of Personality (OCEAN) -openness – associated with curiosity, flexibility, imaginativeness, artistic sensitivity, unconventional attitudes -conscientiousness – tend to be diligent, disciplined, well-organized, punctual, dependable -extraversion – characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, assertive, gregarious -agreeableness – tend to be sympathetic, trusting, cooperative, modest, straightforward -neuroticism – tend to be anxious, hostile, self-conscious, insecure, vulnerable factor analysis – in which correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables self-report inventories – personality tests that ask individuals to answer a series of questions about their characteristic behavior MMPI (Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory) – measures 10 personality traits that, when manifested to an extreme degree, are thought to be symptoms of personality disorders MMPI profiles – suggests that by scoring high on several of the MMPI subscales, this is indicative of having a certain personality disorder projective tests – ask participants to respond to vague, ambiguous stimuli in ways that may reveal the subjects’ needs, feelings, and personality traits -TAT – respondent is asked to tell stories about scenes or pictures -Rorschach – respondent is asked to tell what she sees in a series of ten inkblots psychoanalytic theory – all the diverse theories descended from the work of Freud that focus on unconscious mental forces structural model of personality -id – primitive, instinctive component of personality that operates with the pleasure principle -pleasure principle – demands immediate gratification of its urges -primary-process thinking – primitive, illogical, irrational, fantasy-oriented -ego – decision-making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle -reality principle – seeks to delay gratification of the id’s urges until appropriate outlets and situations have been found -secondary-process thinking – relatively rational, realistic, and oriented toward problem solving -superego – moral component of personality that incorporates social standards of right and wrong
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-guilt – the feeling that you have done something wrong and the remorse that accompanies this intrapsychic conflict -- a mental struggle, often unconscious, arising from the clash of incompatible or opposing impulses, wishes, drives within oneself topographic model of personality conscious – consists of whatever one is aware of at a particular point
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Full Final Study Guide (Talia) - Psychology Final CHAPTER...

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