Psychology Chapter 10

Psychology Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Study Guide Stages of...

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Chapter 10 Study Guide Stages of prenatal development Germinal stage: 1st phase of prenatal development, first 2 weeks after conception Embryonic stage: 2 weeks-2 months, begin to see cell differentiation Fetal stage: 2 months-birth, bodily growth, brain cells multiply Age of viability: between 22 and 26 months: age at which a baby can survive in the case of a premature birth. Fetal alcohol syndrome A collection of congenital (inborn) problems associated with excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. Symptoms include microcephaly, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, and retarded mental & motor development. Cephalocaudal trend Describes the fact that children tend to gain control over the upper part of their bodies before the lower part. Proximodistal trend Describes the fact that children gain control over their torsos before their extremities. Maturation Maturation is development that reflects the gradual unfolding of one’s genetic blueprint. It omes with age, not experience and learning. Attachment Attachment refers to the close, emotional bonds of affection that develop between infants and their caregivers. Separation anxiety Separation anxiety is emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separated from people with whom they have formed an attachment. This usually develops between 6 and 8 months of age. Harry Harlow Studies attachment in infant rhesus monkeys. Harlow’s work made a simple reinforcement explanation of attachment unrealistic for animals, let alone for more complex human beings. Stage theories Stage theories assume that individuals must progress through specified stages in a particular order because each stage builds on the previous stage; progress through these stages is strongly related to age; and development is marked by major discontinuities that usher in dramatic transitions in behavior.
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Chapter 10 Study Guide Erik Erikson
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