Psychology Chapter 15

Psychology Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 A definition of social...

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Chapter 15 A definition of social psychology Social psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals’ thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others. Society, Culture, Status, Roles (Class) Your status is dictated by the society you’re in. Your ethics are determined by being part of a culture. Kurt Lewin (Class) Styles of Leadership (Class) Social situations significantly influence human behavior. With a democratic leadership style, everyone in the society shows high levels of hard work. In an authoritarian society, people work harder and follow the leader. Laissez-faire is characterized by laziness. Conformity Conformity occurs when people yield to real or imagined social pressure. Facts about Asch’s conformity experiments In Asch’s conformity experiment, a group of people are in a room answering simple questions, with one person being the subject and all others saying the clearly wrong answer on purpose. The object is to try to see if the subject will conform to the wrong answer or if they will go for the right answer. Averaging across all 50 subjects, Asch found that the young men conformed on 37% of trials. Obedience Obedience is a form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority. Facts about Milgram obedience experiments Definition of a group A group consists of two or more individuals who interact and are independent. Bystander effect With the bystander effect, people are less likely to provide needed help when they are in groups than when they are alone. Group polarization Group polarization occurs when group discussion strengthens a group’s dominant point of view and produces a shift toward a more extreme decision in that direction.
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Chapter 15 Groupthink Groupthink occurs when members of a cohesive group emphasize concurrence at the expense of critical thinking in arriving at a decision. Characteristics of Groupthink When groups get caught in groupthink, members suspend their critical judgment and the group starts censoring dissent as the pressure to conform increases. If the group’s view is challenged from outside, victims of groupthink tend to think in simplistic “us versus them” terms. One key precondition to groupthink is high group cohesiveness. Group cohesiveness refers to the strength of the liking relationships linking group members to each other and to the group itself. Person perception: Physical appearance Studies have shown that judgments of others’ personality are often swayed by their appearance, especially their physical attractiveness. People inaccurately assume that a connection exists between good looks and personality because extremely attractive people are overrepresented in the entertainment media, where they are mostly portrayed in a highly favorable light. Person perception:
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Psychology Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 A definition of social...

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