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Feb 11 history

Feb 11 history - Feb 11 2010 American Imperialism I...

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Feb 11. 2010 American Imperialism I. Changing American foreign policy a. United states is not a super power yet. b. G.B, France, Germany: super powers c. US militarily is very far behind the other industrialized nations d. By the time the industrialization is over, that changes completely e. Army is much stronger f. Took possession of territories outside of the us g. The army had 100000 soldiers h. Navy had subs and armored battleships i. Two foreign policy impulses i. Expansive: ii. Impulse to expand us territory across the continent. iii. after we filled up the continent, many people want to continue to expand. iv. Isolationism: v. Staying out of internation affairs. vi. The us was focused on what was happening in their own country vii. We are far away from Europe so we didn’t really have to worry about invasion. viii. G. Washington warned to stay away from international affairs. ix. For the most part americans took this advice x. Monroe Doctrine: 1823: said we would respect European colonies in the western hemisphere but they we want them to stay out of the western hemisphere. No more colonies. j. William H. Seward: really wanted Mexico and Canada. Main focus was wanting the United States to control trade in other countries.
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k. He purchased Alaska from Russia: rich in natural resources, nurtured a friendship with Russia who wanted to get rid of it anyway. l. Tried to buy virgin islands II. Why policy changes a. International Balance of Power: b. Us Becomes more confident c. Want to make themselves more known d. Began thinking about creating an American empire. e. Many large super powers are grabbing territories, building up their militaries, and especially their navies. f. Inhabitants in seized territories are rebelling g. US wants to get involved/compete h. Alfred Thayer Mahan: i. Focused on the need for the US to beef up its navy. ii. Most important branch of the military iii. Naval officer and teacher iv. Came to believe that the key to any nations power is control of the sea v. Growth of American industry made this necessary: we have to be able to sell our products abroad so we need a powerful navy to protect ourselves i. Protection of US markets: i. Economy is drastically expanding ii. Domestic market isn’t big enough to consume everything they were making iii. We had to be able to sell our stuff abroad. 1. 1870: exports worth $400 mill 2. 1890: exports worth $850 mill 3. 1900: exports worth $1.4 bill iv. US was making a ton of stuff but we still weren’t a foreign power
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j. Close of Western Frontier: i. There is no longer a line separating settlement and nonsettlement ii. Expand out into the world k. Social Darwinism: i. Many people start understanding whats happening now through Darwins ideas of evolutions of species and survival of the fittest.
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