Hist2057Lecture1-1

Hist2057Lecture1-1 - January 19, 2010 I. The antebellum...

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January 19, 2010 I. The antebellum united states i. Civil War: 1860 ii. Political Parties: Democrats and the Whigs iii. Republicans: 1856 iv. North was very much industrialized, the only really urban center in the south was New Orleans (compared to the North) They had tons of factories v. South was growing cotton (always agricultural. . they had good soil) vi. Began industrializing because their land was not as compatible for plants. vii. The entire southern economy was based on the production of cotton viii. Because the southern economy was completely dependent on cotton, they were also completely dependent on Slave Labor ix. The first slaves were brought over in 1690 x. In the North, slaves were more of a status symbol: house servants xi. Most southerners didn’t live in a huge plantation with a ton of slaves. There were only a few
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xii. Most white southerners only owned one or two slaves. But everyone was tied into slave system. If you didn’t own slaves, you wanted to. xiii. There’s a contest between the two regions for political power in congress xiv. Population in the North was much higher than in the south. It’s very dense in the north too, so the south doesn’t have much of a chance with the HOR, because that is based off of population. But they did have a chance with the Senate. That’s where the south had their say in legislation. xv. The southerners knew that the north could do things that would be detrimental to their economy. E.g. . Tariffs on plows. A Tax on imported goods forced people to buy things in North America. The north was making plows, the south was buying them. xvi. The south had been politically very strong. Many of the founding fathers were southern. They don’t want to lose their control. The north thought that was the way it was supposed to be. xvii. There’s still a lot of unclaimed land and they have to decide whether or not they will be slave states or free states = the civil war II. Political crisis of the 1850’s a. Kansas-Nebraska Act
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i. South wants more slave states so that they can keep up with the North in the senate. ii. Big debate about whether congress can do anything about slavery because the slaves are their property and taking it away is unconstitutional. iii. The agreement is made that they will not talk about it anymore until 1850. iv. In 1850 Stephen Douglas came up with the Kansas Nebraska act. v. He wanted to build a transcontinental railroad. vi. He wants the railroad to go through his hometown in Illinois. vii. The problem is that there is a lot of unorganized territory, which is unsafe. viii. He wants to organize it so he can build his railroad. ix. He wants to bring in 2 new states into that territory. Kansas and Neb. x.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Hist2057Lecture1-1 - January 19, 2010 I. The antebellum...

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