History lecture Feb 2-2

History lecture Feb 2-2 - Changes in American Life 1. The...

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Changes in American Life 1. The New South a. The Redeemers i. 1877 ii. People who take over the south after reconstruction. iii. They’ve redeemed the south from the carpetbaggers iv. Some were people who had power before recon, some were new v. They were also known as Bourbons vi. Reconstruction governments had spent a ton of money but the redeemers restricted gov spending in the south to get them out of debt vii. They cut a lot of vital services: e.g. education viii. Laissez-faire government: let the people do what they want. You shouldn’t feel the government’s presence in everyday life. used gov less ix. Bourbons are very racist- still have black codes but not segregation yet x. Whites and blacks saw each other regularly/still had interaction xi. There’s still black codes, but it’s not segregation yet xii. They were focused on government. xiii. Lowered taxes
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b. Sharecropping, tencancy, and the crop-lien system i. Their landscape had been ruined but they continued to be an agricultural area ii. Sugar recovered. iii. Rice was introduced iv. Cotton prices slowly rose again v. Everyone focused on cotton again vi. Many poor whites and blacks ddiin’t have their own lands so they only had their labor to offer vii. They farmed a segment of someone else’s land and gave the landowners a share. viii. Many times landowners took more than they were supposed to ix. Sometimes the sharecroppers had their own tools, etc. but it was still someone else’s stuff x. “land slavery” xi. Crop Lien system: made things worse xii. If you had a lot of cotton, there wasn’t a lot of cash right then, but you had a lot when it was harvest time xiii. Crop lien is a form of credit xiv. System: planting time, you needed something, you’d go to the merchant and he’d give you basically a mortgage on your crop. He’d give you money with a TON of interest and you’d give back some of your crop. xv. Basically you incurred debt through your cotton.
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xvi. Paid off the land owner, didn’t have enough to pay off your merchant. xvii. They forced farmers to keep growing cotton, so they never got out of debt. xviii. Never got to grow food for your family, just cotton xix. Cotton Dragged the south deeper into debt. xx. Vicious cycle c. The new south advocates i. Disagreed with the way things were going in the south ii. They don’t want the south to be completely committed to cotton like it was before. . they want something different iii. Wanted to bring industry to the south iv. North is the industrialized economy so there’s a lot of resistance to change from the south because they just don’t want to look like the north v. The advocates just wanted to diversify the south vi. Henry vii. JD viii. Steel becomes very important industry in Alabama ix. There are some small pockets where it kicks off but in general it didn’t really go well
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x. They didn’t get government money xi. Bourbons weren’t willing to entice people to change xii. Didn’t really work xiii. Tariffs continued to help the north at the
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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History lecture Feb 2-2 - Changes in American Life 1. The...

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