History2010LectureJan26

History2010LectureJan26 - Reconstruction I. Presidential...

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Reconstruction I. Presidential Reconstruction a. Major Players i. White southerners. Many of them opposed the war in the first place. Once the states went out of the union, the southerners went along with it. ii. They accept that the war is over, they don’t try to continue fighting iii. They accept it all. That there is no more slavery, that they aren’t a part of the union, etc. iv. They expect to be in charge of their government though. v. They expect to call the shots after the war vi. Everything just like it used to be vii.White Northerners : viii. Very divided. Many opinioins ix. There’s the republican and democrat party x. The democrats wanna get the south back in the union as quickly as possible and get things back to normal xi. Republicans didn’t feel the same. xii. Many Repubs believe the war came about because of the wealthy white slave owners and wanted to punish them xiii. They wanted to limit the southerners voices in politics xiv. Believed that the more industrialized, free labor economy was better in the south and wanted to remake the south to look like the north xv.African Americans xvi. Divided xvii. There are northern blacks, been free for generations, fought in the union army and went south during the war and stayed south. xviii. Felt like they should be in charge there
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xix. There are also blacks that had been free people of color in the south. See themselves as the upper class of the black community. xx. Biggest section: Newly freed slaves xxi. Nobody knows what to do next xxii. Different groups really want to be able to call the shots xxiii. Emancipation Proclimation to the blacks meant full citizenshiop rights. xxiv. Hold office, access to education, vote, and land ownership xxv. Philosophy was that if you owned your own land, you could call the shots. Many blacks wanted land ownership b. Lincoln’s plan i. Union was running parts of the south while the war was going on ii. Had to figure out how to get functioning governments back in the area iii. Lincoln names military governers but wants civil authority back in charge soon. iv. L says that he wants a new loyalty oath to the union. v. Wants the south to promise their loyalty to the south. vi. 10% of their voting population vii. After this, they could recreate state governments viii. Had to include a provision abolishing slavery. ix. L is saying if they give up and come back to the union, it’s not going to be that bad. x. L is also thinking of the political future, he’ll be their pres too. xi. Wants republican party to exist in the south xii. Very moderate reconstruction plan xiii. Many northerns didn’t believe that. xiv. They are called radical republicans xv. Wanted to punish the south and transform the society.
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xvi. Think L was too lenient xvii. Many radicals in congress xviii. They thing the pres shouldn’t be calling the shots in congress, that’s their job. xix.
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History2010LectureJan26 - Reconstruction I. Presidential...

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