Notes Carboxylic Acids and Esters

Notes Carboxylic Acids and Esters - Notes Carboxylic Acids...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Notes Carboxylic Acids and Esters Carboxylic acids and esters are like aldehydes and ketones in that they contain the carbonyl functional group. C O -OH C O OH C O O R' C R carbonyl hydroxyl carboxylic acid ester Carboxylic acids are the acids found in organic molecules, the carbon based compounds necessary for life. The term “carboxylic” is derived from carbonyl and “hydroxyl”, the two structures which make an organic acid. None of the these carboxylic acids are classified as strong acids. Remember a strong acid is an acid which fully dissociates in an aqueous environment. This is not to say an organic acid is not able to cause harm. Small concentrations of hydrogen ion given off by organic acids are potent enough to kill most microscopic organisms and cause tissue irritation and/or damage to larger organisms. Acetic acid is the acid found in vinegar, a pickle stored in its brine may not spoil and be edible for years partly because of the organic acid from the vinegar kills the bacteria which will cause spoilage. Nomenclature: carboxylic acids: 1. count number of carbons in the longest carbon chain containing the –COOH group 2. replace the –e with the suffix –oic acid 3. compound containing multiple -COOH groups do not drop the –e but add a di- or tri- to the ending – carboxylic acid or add a di- or tri- to the suffix –oic acid. Examples:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course CHEMSITRY CH 106 taught by Professor Kovacich during the Spring '10 term at Portland CC.

Page1 / 3

Notes Carboxylic Acids and Esters - Notes Carboxylic Acids...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online