164 Midterm Study Guide

164 Midterm Study Guide - 1. The life of al-Farabi his...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. The life of al-Farabi his philosophy and three of his most important contributions . o Believes in the idea of a philosopher king o Wrote a treatise on Idris o From Iran, province of Khorasan, has Turkish blood. o Believed in a system of monarchy o Was a Mu'Tazilite o State should be based on the Platonic idea of a city o Islamicised Platonic ideas o The leader should be virtuous, knowledgeable about the law, and he should be moral and ethical. o Commentator and follower of Aristotalian works, unified wisdom of Aristotle and Plato, founder of political philosophy in Islam, Aristotalian logic was expressed in o One of the followers of al-Kindi, played a large part in refining of the vocabulary, to enable it to be used for more subtly than had been the case up to this time o Provided the theoretical basis and aspect of Islamic philosophy which were very important I.e, logic o A great deal of Greek that was translated into Arabic was dealing logic, and this was greeted with great initial enthusiasm in Arabic speaking world. o Argued that grammar did not really represent deep structure of the language, it merely expressed the rules for the surface structure of the language. o Student of the school of Baghdad and the earliest link between philosophy and the Islamic world o Followed mostly doctrine of Plato whom he calls the Imam of philosophy. o Major work was “Principles of the Opinions of the People of the Virtuous City” (al- Medina al-Fadila) Adopts an Aristotilian approach to Psychology Farabi sought to identify the figure of the prophet-king of Plato with the prophet and law-giver of the Abrahamic Tradition and described the perfect state in which a single revealed law would reign supreme over the world. Types of cities: Indespensible Cities: seeks mere subsistence Vile Cities: seeks only to accumulate wealth Base Cities: exist solely for sensual gratification The Timocratic City: goal is honor and fame The Tyrannical city: based on power (might is right) Democratic city: second worst city (aside from tryannical city). There is no single motivating end, but each citizen is left to seek what he or she deems best Virtuous city: based on the beliefs and the word of God: harmony between deed and Sharia. Only citizens of the virtuous city may attain happiness. o Kitab al-Musiqi al Kabir (The Great Book of Music) was another major work o Also very experienced and knowledgeable in music, wrote a lot on logic, psychology, cosmology, metaphysics, and has commentaries on several chapters of the Qu'ran, o Spoke many language
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Kimia al-Sa'adat Talks about the Gods within the human body and how music connects it to a divine realm o Master logician o Professionally introduced logic o Compared the ideas of Plato and Aristotle, one of the most important comparisons o Political mindset: formed by writings of Plato (Republic) Writes about an empire, talks about variety of different people (multiethnic/linguistic), tries to invent new political terminologies
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 04/19/2010.

Page1 / 13

164 Midterm Study Guide - 1. The life of al-Farabi his...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online