#4 Contraception -- chpt. 6

#4 Contraception -- chpt. 6 - Preventing Pregnancy Female...

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Preventing Pregnancy
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Female Reproductive Basics Day 1 of women’s period is day one of her cycle Normal cycles vary from 23 to 35 days In a textbook 28-day cycle, a woman would ovulate on day 14. Only about 15% of women have a 28-day cycle. The menstrual cycle responds to changing levels of hormones, which can be affected by many factors.
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Miscarriage 9% Intended birth 43% Abortion 23% Miscarriage 6% Mistimed/ unwanted birth 19% Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States each year are unintended Pregnancies, 1994 (6.3 million) Unintended pregnancies Intended pregnancies Allan Guttmacher Institute, Contraception in the United States, 2004
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Failure rates Typical use failure rate Laboratory rate Continuation rate P 171 in book
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Choosing a Contraceptive How well will it fit into your lifestyle? How convenient will it be? How effective will it be? How safe will it be? How affordable will it be? How reversible will it be? Will it protect against sexually transmitted infections?
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Methods of Contraception Barrier Methods Male and female condoms Diaphram Spermicide Other Methods Withdrawal Fertility awareness Hormonal Methods Pill Depo Provera Patch Ring ** Only condoms offer  some protection against  STIs.
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Male Condoms 85% effective at preventing pregnancy with typical use Prevents sperm from entering vagina Prevents premature ejaculation Latex allergies occur in 1-3% of people Adding spermicide to inside of condom increases sensitivity Available at Health Services
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course CS 1371 taught by Professor Stallworth during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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#4 Contraception -- chpt. 6 - Preventing Pregnancy Female...

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