#5 STI slides and study notes -- chpt. 18

#5 STI slides and - Good Practices for Sexual Health http/www.nytimes.com/health/13 Facts about Sexual Health There are 15 million new cases of

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Good Practices for Sexual Health
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http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/13/health
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Facts about Sexual Health There are 15 million new cases of STIs in the United States each year. Two-thirds of new STI cases occur in people under 25. Half all Americans will acquire an STI by age 25. U.S. has higher rates of STIs than any other developed nation
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Facts about Sexual Health 50 million Americans have genital herpes (1.6 million new infections per year) At least 15% of all infertile American women are infertile because of tubal damage caused by pelvic inflammatory disease, the result of an untreated STI. Less than half of adults ages 18 to 44 have ever been tested for an STD other than HIV.
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Serial Monogamy
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Impact of STIs on women is more severe than for men (pg 564 in book)
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Good practices for Women… Consistently use birth control if pregnancy is possible Monthly breast self-exam Avoid feminine hygiene sprays, douches, and frequent bubble baths Wash hands and genitals before and after sexual activity Urinate after sexual intercourse Wipe genitals from front to back Use condoms consistently
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For Women… Visit medical practitioner if you experience amenorrhea Have an gynecological exam after the age of 18 Whether the woman is sexually active or not The medical practitioner will examine the external genitalia for irritations, swellings, abnormal discharges, etc. A speculum will also be inserted into the vagina to inspect the cervix and vaginal walls. A sample of cells will be taken from the cervix and screened for cancer. A breast and/or rectal exam may be conducted.
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For Women… If sexually active, get tested for STIs annually STI testing may be done on request but is not a standard part of an annual exam The majority of women do not experience symptoms for several STIs, including chlamydia, HIV and gonorrhea.
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Good practices for Men… Monthly testicular self exam Wash genitals before and after sexual activities Wear condoms during every sexual activity Regular STI screening Often, men do not experience symptoms
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STI Prevention for men and women Discharge STIs transmitted when infected semen or vaginal fluids contact mucosal surfaces (urethra, vagina, cervix) HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis Condoms offer the greatest protection against these STIs Laboratory studies have shown that condoms
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course CS 1371 taught by Professor Stallworth during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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#5 STI slides and - Good Practices for Sexual Health http/www.nytimes.com/health/13 Facts about Sexual Health There are 15 million new cases of

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