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3_testnotes - HTS-1031 Test 3 Notes The Divine Jean Jack...

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HTS-1031 Test 3 Notes The Divine Jean Jack Rousseau Europe’s most influential intellectual during the Enlightenment. He had it with society – lived alone. Friend of Diderot (wrote the first encyclopedia). Julie , 1760. Story of Rousseau’s sex life. Love between two women and one man. Was popular, especially among women. Sensibility of culture is changing – “Natural” is seen as sentimentally open. This helps form the French Revolution and is important to the Enlightenment. Emile , 1761. An example of Rousseau’s love of breasts – how to raise children. He says, “Leave children free – let them decide their own fate.” Enlightenment catches on. “Natural is better” in the air. The idea of equality catches on too. Hegemony: the idea that you can’t just force your ideas on others, you have to figure out ways to make them acceptable though cultural outlets. LaClos Dangerous Liaisons , 1782. Tells us the story of a scumbag nobleman. He is in a relationship with a woman who is just like him. They are both sexual predators. Then a bourgeois girl gets the nobleman to fall in love with her. We see: o Sentimental love. o Aristocratic values: love only with their hearts of stone. This type of love isn’t valued highly – even rejected. Beaumarchais Marriage of Figaro , 1781. A play set in Spain but about the French aristocracy. Figaro, a servant to a nobleman, is about to get married to another servant. Well, the nobleman decides he is going to take his right to sleep with her the night before the wedding as laid out in feudal law. He is duped, however. Tells us: Aristocrats are idiots. It challenges their ideas and character. Class is not determined by bloodlines or money, but by actions. Lafayette Fights in the American Revolutionary War with his own resources and men. Almost arrested on his return. But seen as a hero of two continents. He also wants to be a “Natural Man”. The Republic of Virtue and Terror Achievements of the French Revolution : Liberty: Press, Speech, Democracy, Republic (8/10/92) Equality: Abolition of feudalism (sans-culottes). Fraternity: Departments
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Causes of French Revolution : Enlightenment thinking Political revolts (working people revolt) Taxes and French debt (note: people who seized power were from all different classes: not just middle class.) Liberty: France has a real democracy, universal manhood suffrage, absolute freedom of press. Expansion of press and free-speech produces a republic. Equality: abolishes feudalism (this takes hundreds of years but France does away with it during this time). Nobles are abolished. Goes so far it excludes some people. Sans-Culottes run the show for some time: non-noble, common, working people. Fraternity: creates Departments in France – put capital at center of
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course CS 1371 taught by Professor Stallworth during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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3_testnotes - HTS-1031 Test 3 Notes The Divine Jean Jack...

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