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Crisis and Recovery AD 235

Crisis and Recovery AD 235 - Crisis and Recovery AD 235-337...

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Crisis and Recovery AD 235-337 I. “The 3 rd century Crisis” (235-284) II. Recovery: Diocletian and Constantine III. Christianity and the Roman State: The Persecutions IV. State and Church under Constantine I. The 3 rd Century Crisis Acute political instability Many emperors and usurpers Average reign was 2 and half years. Many civil wars. Large chunks of the Roman Empire beginning to break away. Financial Crisis in the 3 rd Century. Leads to rampant inflation. The central feature of the period is the remarkable instability of the emperor throne 18 different emperors. Armies stationed on the frontier rejected other people as emperor, often proclaiming their own military leader as emperor, now you didn’t need the Senate’s stamp of approval This led to civil wars. The absence of an empire-wide loyalty to the Roman empire. Each legion didn’t really care about the Roman Empire as a whole. They only cared about their own constituent This could have been a result of Hadrian’s reforms of localizing the military. Simultaneous assaults from both fronts of the Romans Empire. The emergence of new enemies of Romans Goths –“Germanic” tribal group. North Sea area that began moving down to the Roman territory. The Danube territory. They are better armed and better organized than the Germanic Groups that the Roman Empire had once fought. Sassanids Rise of the Persian Empire. They were quite confident in restoring the Ancient Persian Empire. Wanting to bring it back to the Mediterranean. Attacking the same time the Goths are attacking from the North. This puts and ENORMOUS strain on the ROMAN ECONOMY Roman empires sought to move legions around to solve the problem. Yet this was met with resistance by the military. They didn’t have loyalty to another area across the empire.
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Continuous warfare and disloyalty of military led to political instability of the Roman Empire. Sassanid invasions were under Sapor I Inflicting many Roman cities. Effectively DESTROYED Antioch. Antioch was the most major city in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
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