02_2 Cultural Context - Chapter Two Lecture Two The...

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Chapter Two, Lecture Two The Cultural Context of Classical Myth From Greek Society
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Males 25,000 citizen males Alone fought in wars Education in athletics and moral/intellectual virtues Ideal: athletic, intelligent, cultured, and an asset to the family and the clan The symposia Born into a monogamous family With some household slaves Father about 30, mother in her teens
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Males 0 6 years: In the house 6 3: Paedagogue 14 8: More specialized trainers (object of sexual attention of older males pederasty) 18 20: ephebe 20 30: anêr 30: patêr
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Males Hoplites and the Phalanx Gymnasium and the Athlos Closer social classes Agonistic (cultural competition) Sport as War / War as Sport “Help your friends, harm your enemies”
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Females Skewed sources Ideal: chaste, submissive, silent, out of sight Raised in the gynaikeion : parthenos Arranged marriage to a 30–year–old man Duties to certain state rituals
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Females Parthenos ( korê) Nymphê miasma of childbirth Gynê and the oikos
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Slavery Pervasive ¼ of the work force in Greece No rights Laurion Silver Mines
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