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07_2 The Male Deities - messengers liars thieves...

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Chapter Seven, Lecture Two Myths of the Olympians
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Hephaestus The “blacksmith” god Zeus and Hera or just Hera Lame blacksmith god or just god of the manual crafts and metal working; sometimes just fire. Shows some contempt for labor
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Hephaestus Island is Lemnos, where he may have landed after being thrown out from Olympus Assisted by Cyclopes and golden robots Married as a joke to Aphrodite Once trapped Hera in a throne: released her after Dionysus (god of wine) got him drunk and brought him to Olympus
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Ares Son of Zeus and Hera Blood-lust in battle Greeks preferred Athena as goddess of strategy in war Few myths Disgracefully wounded at Troy by Athena and Diomedes
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Ares Best known for adultery with Aphrodite Caught in flagrante delicto by Hephaestus Fear (Phobos), Panic (Deimos)
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Hermes Son of Zeus and Maia Bizarre complexity of attributes: The ram, the herd, herdsmen, travelers,
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Unformatted text preview: messengers, liars, thieves, businessmen, leaders of souls to the underworld (psychopompos), orators Hermes • Epithet: Argeïphontes (slayer of Argos) • Iconography: traveler’s hat, winged sandals, caduceus • The Herm – Erect phallus wards off aggression Hermes • The Homeric Hymn to Hermes • The early achievements of Hermes • The trickster • Invents: sneakers, the lyre, sausage . . . • Conflict between the old aristocrats and the new class of capitalists and men of industry Hermes • Beings associated with Hermes • Autolycus (son) – master thief – could make himself invisible – father of Odysseus • Pan (son) (to feed?) – shows fertility side of Hermes • Syrinx (Pan pipes) – “Panic” of the solitude of the woods • Echo (loved by Hermes) got into trouble with Hera End...
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