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24_2 Interpretations - The Interpretation of Dreams •...

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Chapter Twenty-Four Lecture Two Theories of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
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Romantic Theories
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Romantic Theories Friedrich Creuzer Symbolism and Mythology of the Ancient Peoples, Especially the Greeks Johann Bachofen Das Mutterrecht Friedrich Engles, The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State Vladimir Propp
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Anthropological Theories
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Anthropological Theories Edward Tylor Primitive Culture Andrew Lang, Myth, Literature, and Religion James Frazer The Golden Bough Ritual theory of myth
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Anthropological Theories Bronislaw Malinowski Magic, Science and Religion Charter theory of myth Functionalism
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Linguistic Theories Max Müller Solar mythology Disease of language William Jones Indo-European Indo-European comparative mythology George Dumézil Functions in IE society
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Psychological Theories
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Psychological Theories Sigmund Freud Condensation Displacement Oedipus Complex
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Unformatted text preview: The Interpretation of Dreams • Carl Jung – Collective unconscious – Archetypes Psychological Theories • Erich Neumann – Dragon combat – Great Mother Structuralist Theories Structuralist Theories • Claude Lévi-Strauss – Reconciliation of opposites • Paris school of myth criticism – “Syntax” of the interrelations of myths – E.g. Hestia and Hermes Contextual Approaches Contextual Approaches • Walter Burkert – Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual – Programs of action • Feminist criticism – Some myths explain and reinforce women’s social roles Conclusion Conclusion • Humans create an alternate world through myth • Grand theorizers – Must disregard what doesn’t square with or doesn’t seem important to the theory – Myth, particularly classical myth, is too varied to be understood by one approach End...
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