Classic Myth - C lassic Mythology The Nature of Myth; The...

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Classic Mythology The Nature of Myth; The Cultural Context of Classical Myth Tuesday, January 12, 2010 Myceneans o Great legends are set and date back to this period o Myths of the Trojan War based on conflict due to this time o Greeks thought Trojan War really happened Minoan o Linear B used for the same purpose as Linear A o Thousand of Linear B, few linear A. o Temporary Records ‘Snapshot’ of palace life (1375 BC) Survival of terms in Linear B, tablets in iliad wanax (lord master) becomes anax Agamenon Mycenean Religion (just worshipped a goddess) o Mycenearn art has many Minoan influenced ‘goddess’ scenes o But neither Minoans nor Myceneans were ‘goddess’ Gods o Names of male deities
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o Zeus, Hera, Poseidon o Zeus = Indo-European ‘sky-father’ o But many layers to religion (Cretan, Near Eastern, etc.) Mycenean Warfare o Wanax commander-in-chief o Officers armor (linear B sign armor) o Chariot survives (in a confused way) in Iliad Homer uses it for transporting Heroes. Boar’s Tooth Helmet appears in Odyssey (heirloom?) End of Myceneans o 1200 BC most place-centers destroyed Myceneans quickly disintegrated. o ‘Systems Collapse’ Time of unrest: Hittite empire fell apart. Greek History o 3000-1600: Early/Middle Bronze Age o 1600-1150 BC: Late Bronze Age o 1150 – 800 BC: Dark Age o 800 – 490 BC: Archaic Period
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o 490 – 323 BC: Classic Period o 323 – 30 BC: Hellenistic Period o … (incomplete) Dark Age: 1150-800 BC o Great Mycenean palaces destroyed around 1180-1150 BC (writing gone) o Knowledge of writing is gone. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2010 for the course CLT 3370 taught by Professor Eaverly during the Spring '06 term at University of Florida.

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Classic Myth - C lassic Mythology The Nature of Myth; The...

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