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Today will finish lecture on female deities, talking about Demeter (main topic today) and also Jeff,
a TA, will guest lecture. This is something she asked the TA’s to do, have a talk on Tuesdays on
something to do with mythology.
Female Deities Continued:
Contest with Poseidon for Athens (Talking about Athena)
Poseidon gave salt mine or well or something, Athena gave Grape.
(Shown: Reconstruction of Parthenon, shown in Nashville TN)
(Shown: Original Parthenon. Bad shape, cannons from harbor hit ammunition storage that
was being used for a war in Athens (17
Inside the Parthenon, a great gold statue of Athena was placed. Worship was done outside,
inside was “God’s House”. This temple was also used as a treasury. (Shown: statue of Athena,
(Shown: Closeup of Athena Statue: Carved out of wood, overlaid with ivory, gold. Story of
Pandora was depicted on the vase she had near. She has Aegis, which belonged to Zeus)
(Shown: Zoomed out Parthenon in Nashville, TN. “Nice reconstruction”.)
(Shown: Picture of reconstruction of the statue in Nashville)
(Shown: Lawrence Alma-Tadema, dude that did sculpture of Athena. This is an painting of
the showing of Athena statue back in old greek times)
Girl from Lydia who challenged Athena in weaving
Athena wove in stories of the fate of mortals who dared to challenge the gods
Arachne wove in stories of corruption of the gods
Athena beats her with her loom, Arachne treid to hang herself, and is changed into a
Girl brags, Athena disguises herself as old woman.
Tells girl to not be such a cocky sob, girl tells her to tell Athena to bring it
Athena reveals herself, boom. They have a weaving contest lol.
(Shown: Some guy finds Arachne in purgatory. A quote is written in the corner, shown
too fast to copy)
(Shown: “Arachnids!”, teacher tells of arachnid origins, scientifically etc. Not required to
Demeter (Roman: Ceres) (Get the name cereal from her?)
What does name mean? Main part means mother.
De (?) meter (mother), ‘de’ part not know wtf it means.
Daughter is Persephone (Proserpina)
(Later in western art this name is important, didn’t catch why)
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter is basis for Eleusian Mysteries
Hymn to Demeter
(Shown: Well of the maiden. It is some stone well thing)
Persephone is abducted by Hades (heard by Hecate)
Helius sees all (Said: He tells Demeter that Hades would be a good husband and to be glad.
This is a deal between Hades and Helius, for him to say that.)