chapter_1_summary - Chapter One Introduction Introduction...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter One Introduction Introduction to Sociology Sociologists notice social patterns They recognize that our personal experiences are affected by our class, ethnicity, gender, age, and sexual orientation Sociological research enables us to discuss social issues in an informed and critical manner Sociology as A Discipline Sociology is a social science It shares common interests with other social sciences such as psychology, anthropology, and political science However, it does distinguish itself from other disciplines through its history, vocabulary, and tools Table 1.1 Sociology and Related Disciplines What is Sociology? Sociology is difficult to define and it is easier to explain what sociology does Sociology involves looking for and looking at social patterns in social variables, social institutions, and social interactions Why Study Sociology? It is useful to study sociology to achieve a greater understanding of: The social world Oneself Others The Sociological Imagination C. Wright Mills coined the term, sociological imagination Mills stated that the challenge of sociology is to make the connection between how society works and how it works in terms of our personal lives The First Sociologists Confucius, a Chinese philosopher, (1551- 1479 BC) Confucius theorized among other things the importance of role modelling in leadership Ibn Khaldun, an Arab scholar, (1332- 1406) In his book An Introduction to History he examines various types of societies and their histories, cultures and economies The Development of Modern Sociology Sociology emerged as an area of academic interest in Germany, France, and England during the 1800s It developed as a response to dramatic social changes as a consequence of industrialization Early Sociologists French Philosopher August Comte (1798-1857) is credited with coining the term sociology and is often considered the founder of sociology Table 1.2 Early Sociologists Early Sociologists...
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chapter_1_summary - Chapter One Introduction Introduction...

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