Chapter_2_summary - Chapter 2 Research Methods ● Research methodology the system of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2 Research Methods ● Research methodology: the system of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular question Positivism ● French philosopher August Comte (1798-1857) believed that the objective scientific methods used to study the natural sciences could be applied to the social sciences Insider vs. Outsider Perspective ● Who can best critically examine a group? • For much of sociology’s history it was believed that the objective outsider would provide the best research ● In recent years, sociologists like Smith and Foucault have argued that the outside expert is in a privileged position and can’t possibly be objective • Furthermore, the insider should have their experiences included. Who best knows what is important about a group? Qualitative Research vs. Quantitative Research ● Qualitative Research: the close examination of characteristics that cannot be counted or measured ● Quantitative Research: the close examination of social elements that can be counted or measured, and therefore used to generate statistics Qualitative Research Methods ● Ethnography: a research method in which groups are studied through fieldwork • Methods used to gather information include: • Participant observation: becoming a member of a group to experience the group first hand • Semi-Structured Interviews: informal, face to...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2010 for the course SOCI Soci203 taught by Professor Ingrid during the Spring '10 term at Concordia Canada.

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Chapter_2_summary - Chapter 2 Research Methods ● Research methodology the system of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular

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