chapter_7_summary - Chapter 7 Health and Medicine q Medical...

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Chapter 7 Health and Medicine
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Medical sociology is based on the view that medical practices and beliefs are intensely social Healing is achieved through social means therefore, sociological factors (e.g., race, gender, ethnicity) will affect your treatment by the medical professions
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Sick Role Talcott Parsons introduced the concept of the sick role in his book The Social System (1951) The ‘sick role’ is the set of expectations that go along with what a sick person can expect from society
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Parsons argued that being sick came with certain expectations both for the sick and for society. The sick: 1. should be exempted from normal social responsibilities 2. should be taken care of instead of having to take care of themselves 3. are socially obligated to try to get well 4. are socially obligated to seek technically competent help
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E.L. Koos (1954) critiqued Parson’s view of the sick role He noted that the higher one’s class the easier it was from them to play the sick role
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Ivan Emke (2002) noted that things have changed since Parsons first described the sick role He noted that today people are more responsible for their illness are as well, are expected to put limited demands on the health system
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The Social Course of Disease One of the breakthroughs of the 19th century was the understanding that a disease goes through a natural course of development Likewise, a disease also goes through a social course – the social interactions that a person goes through in the process of being treated
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Biomedicine Biomedicine involves the application of standard principles and practices of Western scientific disciplines, particularly
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chapter_7_summary - Chapter 7 Health and Medicine q Medical...

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