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chapter_10_summary - Chapter 10 Gender Sex and Gender q q...

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Chapter 10 Gender
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Sex and Gender Sex refers to anatomical or biological characteristics of women and men Gender is a sociological term that refers to the roles and characteristics society assigns to women and men, and has built within it the inequality of women and men
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Gender as a Topic of Study The greatest part of the critical work on gender has been carried out by feminist scholars One of the first to write about gender issues was Harriet Martineau In her work Society in America (1837) she wrote a chapter on ‘The Political Non- Existence of Women’
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Early Women Sociologists in Canada Annie Marion MacLean (1870-1934) was first Canadian to obtain PhD in sociology MacLean pioneered the sociological study of women in her research on wage-earning women
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Aileen Ross (1902-1995) was a founding member of the Human Rights Foundation She wrote The Lost and the Lonely: Homeless Women in Montreal (1982) and later helped to organize a shelter for homeless women
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Helen Abell (b. 1917) is often called the founder of rural sociology in Canada She studied the roles women played on the farm
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Feminist Theory: Liberalism Feminist Liberalism: an approach that looks for equality in the work place Pay equity (equal pay for equal work) is an issue of liberal feminists Liberal feminism has been criticized as reflecting the concerns of White middle class Western women more than any others
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Feminists Theories: Essentialism Feminist Essentialism: an approach that involves looking at differences between the way women and men think The approach argues for equality – and sometimes female superiority – in that difference Things often devalued in a patriarchal society (e.g., the difference in women’s morality and their maternal thinking) may prove to superior in many aspects of society
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chapter_10_summary - Chapter 10 Gender Sex and Gender q q...

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