The Infinitive Phrase

The Infinitive Phrase - T he Infinitive Phrase Recognize an...

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The Infinitive Phrase Recognize an infinitive phrase when you see one. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive [to + simple form of the verb]. It will include objects and/or modifiers . Here are some examples: To smash a spider To kick the ball past the dazed goalie To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving  glances of his girlfriend Gloria Infinitive phrases can function as nouns , adjectives , or adverbs . Look at these examples: To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a customer's  lap  is Michelle's only goal tonight. To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a customer's lab functions as a noun because it is the subject of the sentence. Lakesha hopes  to win the approval of her mother  by switching her  major from fine arts to pre-med. To win the approval of her mother functions as a noun because it is the direct object for the verb hopes .
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The best way  to survive Dr. Peterson's boring history lectures  is a  sharp pencil to stab in your thigh if you catch yourself drifting off. To survive Dr. Peterson's boring history lectures functions as an adjective because it modifies way . Kelvin, an aspiring comic book artist, is taking Anatomy and Physiology  this semester  to understand the interplay of muscle and bone in the  human body . To understand the interplay of muscle and bone in the human body functions as an adverb because it why Kelvin is taking the class. Punctuate an infinitive phrase correctly. When an infinitive phrase introduces a main clause , separate the two sentence components with a comma. The pattern looks like this: I N F I N I T I V E P H R A S E + , + M A I N C L A U S E . Read this example: To avoid burning another bag of popcorn,  Brendan pressed his nose  against the microwave door, sniffing suspiciously with every breath. When an infinitive phrase breaks the flow of a main clause, use a comma both before and after the interrupter . The pattern looks like this: S T A R T O F M A I N C L A U S E + , + I N T E R R U P T E R + , + E N D O F M A I N C L A U S E .
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Those basketball shoes , to be perfectly honest,  do not complement  the suit you are planning to wear to the interview. When an infinitive phrase concludes a main clause, you need no punctuation to connect the two sentence parts. The pattern looks like this: M A I N C L A U S E + Ø + I N F I N I T I V E P H R A S E . Check out this example: Janice and her friends went to the mall  to flirt with the cute guys  who congregate at the food court . Home
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The Infinitive Phrase - T he Infinitive Phrase Recognize an...

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