L3_PascalIntro

L3_PascalIntro - PHI 310 Lecture 3 Blas Pascal(1623 1662...

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PHI 310 Lecture 3: Blasé Pascal (1623 –1662). Introduction . Blasé Pascal was born in Clermont-Ferrand (France) on June 19 th , 1623. His mother died when he was three, and he was raised by his mathematician father, Etienne Pascal. He is known as a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. Among his contributions to the natural sciences are construction of mechanical calculators, considerations on probability theory, studies of fluids (he developed principles of hydraulic fluids), and clarification of concepts such as pressure and vacuum. Computer historians recognize his contribution to their field by his construction at the age of 18 of a mechanical calculator capable of addition and subtraction (one of his original mechanical calculators is displayed at the Zwinger Museum in Dresden, Germany). Following a profound religious experience in 1654, Pascal abandoned mathematics and physics for philosophy and theology. He formulated Pascal’s wager, an argument for the belief in God based on probabilities. In 1660, Pascal's
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L3_PascalIntro - PHI 310 Lecture 3 Blas Pascal(1623 1662...

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