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L10_HeideggerIntro - PHI 310 Lecture 10 Martin...

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PHI 310 Lecture 10: Martin Heidegger (1889-1976). Introduction Brief Intellectual Biography Born on September 26, 1889 in Messkirch in south-west Germany to a Catholic family. His father worked as sexton in the local church, and the boy was being prepared for the priesthood. His interest in philosophy first arose during his high school studies in Freiburg when (at age 17) he read Franz Brentano's book titled On the Manifold Meaning of Being according to Aristotle . - It was this work that inspired his life-long quest for the meaning of being. In 1909, after completing the high school, he became a Jesuit novice, but was discharged within a month for reasons of health. He studied Roman Catholic theology and then philosophy (among with mathematics, and natural sciences) at the University of Freiburg, where he was a student of Edmund Husserl, the founder of phenomenology. In 1913 he completed a doctorate in philosophy with a dissertation on The Doctrine of Judgement in Psychologism under the direction of the neo-Kantian philosopher Heinrich Rickert. In 1915 he defended his habilitation thesis on Duns Scotus's Doctrine of Categories and Meaning . In 1915 he began teaching at Freiburg. In 1916 he came to know personally Edmund Husserl who joined the Freiburg faculty. In 1917 he married Thea Elfride Petri, a Protestant student who had attended his courses since the fall of 1915. His academic career was briefly (for three months) interrupted in 1918 when he was called up for active military duty. (He served as a weatherman on the Western front
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during the last three months of the war.) When he returned to Freiburg, within a few weeks, he announced his break with the "system of Catholicism" (January 9, 1919), got himself appointed as Husserl's assistant (January 21, 1919), and began lecturing in a new, insightful way (February 7, 1919). [His lectures on phenomenology and his creative interpretations of Aristotle would earn him now a wide acclaim. And yet, Heidegger was not Husserl's faithful follower anymore. He was not captivated by his master's later
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