American Lit Notes Post Midterm

American Lit Notes Post Midterm - American Literature...

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Unformatted text preview: American Literature Notes: Part 2 2010-03-01 9-11am Wednesday: Office Hours Final: April 16 th 2010 @ 2pm Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance : Literary movement from 1918-1930, centered in Harlem o Explosion of literary, visual, musical culture (jazz, etc) o Treated as a separate entity outside of modernism National Identity and Harlem Renaissance o Self consciously trying to create a black aesthetic Hughes says we need to negotiate a space for mutual recognition: express our dark-skinned selves without fear of shame-Hughes Claim that African Americans are Americans but are not treated as such. Poetry that is trying to negotiate a space of mutual recognition for white and African Americans Charles Ovetchkin: o Helped Langston Hughes get published o Writes Nigger Heaven and ruins relationships with black writers Black and white communities experiencing economic and social pressures o Mass production, mass consumption and effects of WWI as issues for both Blacks and Whites Formation of Community: o With Whitman: it was an incomplete portrait o With Crane: lower east side of New York o With Du Bois: Black community and talented 10 o With Gilman: upper middle class women In the aftermath of WWI, and in the wake of mass urbanization, we see the search for stabilizing ground in some kind of community, ie: literary, ethnic, racial, local communities Communities as overly exclusive Setting of 1920s Popular image of 1920s: women in short dresses, jazz music, gangsters, etc Glamorous and concealing image Prohibition: ban of alcohol in USA for almost a decade KKK has over 5 million people Immigration act of 1924: ends unrestricted immigration Ties immigration into National origin Pronounced racism and xenophobia in the 20s Citizenship going from something you could achieve through your actions and beliefs to something you inherited De Crevecoeur : to be American is the process of movement out of ones old origins into a certain place, and a change in belief system o ie: melting pot One strain of modernism that calls for a break from the past make it new (Ezra Pound) Williams says nothing is good, save the new Counter to this movement, and sometimes within the work of these same artists, is a movement back into the very old, into a stabilizing ground, ie: racial heritage o For Hughes: Back to Africa Movement Need to repatriate to establish their own nation Dialectical push and pull between past and future Marcus Garvey : pioneered the Back To Africa Movement Hughes: Theme for English B Trying to articulate the African American subject as fully American Assert ones citizenship right by lobbying, marches, etc Another way to fight for social dignity is to do it in print Pg 1513 : need to get African American writers into circulation; agitate, protest for social, cultural rights/dignity o DuBois: African Americans in popular culture were portrayed as clowns, similar...
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course ENGL ENGL 226 taught by Professor Heise during the Winter '10 term at McGill.

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American Lit Notes Post Midterm - American Literature...

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