WEEK 11_The Imperial Capital of Rome

WEEK 11_The Imperial Capital of Rome - WEEK 11: The Capital...

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WEEK 11: The Capital city of Rome under the emperors Augustan and Julio-Claudian Rome Flavian Rome “The Five Good Emperors”
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Pompey Theater Complex (c. Pompey Theater Complex (c. 55 BCE): Restored Plan 55 BCE): Restored Plan
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Model of main theater  and porticus of Theater  of Pompey (55 BCE)
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Curia Julia Forum of Caesar
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Restored Plan of Forum of Caesar (begun  in 54 BCE by Julius Caesar, completed 29  BCE by Augustus) Plan of Temple of Venus Genetrix  (Forum of Caesar)
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Augustan Rome (31 BC – AD 14): Key concepts Change from Republic to Empire Changing face of the city to respond to new political organization Visual and ideological Propaganda The Roman author Suetonius reports Augustus having said that “he found Rome as a city of brick, and left it a city of marble.” What does this mean? What goes into the making of a city that is the capital of a massive empire? How should it look?
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Octavian/Augustus 44 BCE: Death of Julius Caesar, Octavian 19 years old 42 BCE: Battle of Phillipi Octavian vowed to build the temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger – i.e. of the murder of Caesar) By 31 BCE, after battle at Actium against Marc Antony and Cleopatra he had sole rule of the Roman world Ended long period of civil war – ushers in peace 27 BCE: The senate awarded Octavian with the title Augustus 9 BCE: Dedication of Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) 2 BCE: Dedication of the temple of Mars Ultor in the Forum of Augustus He promotes idea of divinely sanctioned rule Iconographic and architectural Language of emperor and empire
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Messages of empire: Augustus Need to show change Away from civil discord and strife
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course CLAR 120 taught by Professor Haggis during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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WEEK 11_The Imperial Capital of Rome - WEEK 11: The Capital...

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