TERM PAPER

TERM PAPER - 28/11/2009 00:22:00 Chelsea McMullen 12/4/09...

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Unformatted text preview: 28/11/2009 00:22:00 Chelsea McMullen 12/4/09 ASIA 150 Term Paper THE EFFECT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND UNBANIZATION ON RURAL CHINESE VILLAGES INTRODUCTION Since the death of Mao Zedong in 1979, China has undergone a series of reforms that has allowed it to flourish economically. With the economy oh China growing at such a rapid rate, the people are experiencing aspects of life that are unlike any generation has seen before them. New cities are emerging rapidly, and more and more people are migrating to fill them, with the help of newly built road s and infrastructure. In the same respect, homes and agricultural land have been sacrificed to create urban areas for rural peasants to flock to. ECONOMIC REFORMS The movement from Mao Zedongs reign to the post-mao era employed the opinions, reforms and policies of three main officials. Chen Yun, Deng Xiaoping, and Zhao Ziyang developed the main economic and social reforms starting in the late 1970s. Each man had slightly different opinions of each topic of discussion, which included the control and planning of the consumer market, productivity increases, worker wages and treatment, new and improved responsibility systems both in factories and one the countryside, and opening China to the global trade system. The men had a plan to accomplish what was called the Four Moderizations, which included reforming the areas of agriculture, industry, science and technology and military. Chen Yun believed it would be impossible to accomplish the Four Modernizations in such little time as was planned but Deng was very confident that China could make such strides in economy and modernizations. Chen was a supporter of planning the market and economy of China. He advised that a market employing supply and demand not unlike the United States Market would be sufficient for China, but he also advocated for the planning of this market. He compared the market to a bird in a cage, with the market as the bird and the plan as the cage. He advocated, If the cage was too tight the bird would suffocate. If there was no cage, the bird would fly away. (297 differing visions) Even this loosely planned market was much different from the market of Maos era, where the planning was gross output was more or less exclusively emphasized. Chen also advocated for the planning of factory output. This was less strict in that he only wanted to make sure that there was a market for the goods that factories produced, which would not be harmful, but beneficial to the economy of China. In addition to the loose planning of the market and the planning of factory output, Chen also strongly believed in what were called the Three Balances. These balances stated that the bank should not be in the red, bank loans and the repayment of loans must be in balance, and there must be a balance between supply and demand....
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TERM PAPER - 28/11/2009 00:22:00 Chelsea McMullen 12/4/09...

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