2nd Quarter Vocab - Russia-China

2nd Quarter Vocab - Russia-China - RUSSIA Bourgeoisie...

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RUSSIA Bourgeoisie owners of factories and other means of production central planning characteristic of political economies based off of communist ideology in which the ownership of private property and the market mechanism were replaced with the allocation of resources by the state bureaucracy. Communist Manifesto an interpretation of history and vision for the future written by the father of communism, Karl Marx. Marx envisioned a new world after the revolution, one in which social class would disappear because ownership of private property would be banned. According to Marx, communism encourages equality and cooperation, and without property to encourage greed and strife, governments would be unnecessary, and they would wither away. co-optation allocation of power throughout various political, social, and economic institutions. democratic centralism rule by a few for the benefit of the many Maoism shares Marx’s vision of equality and cooperation, but Mao believed very strongly in preserving China’s peasant-based society. Although the government sometimes emphasized industrialization during Mao’s long rule, Mao was more interested in promoting a revolutionary fervor that strengthened agriculturally-based communities. market-based socialism instituted by Deng Xiaoping after Mao’s death in 1976, allows for a significant infusion of capitalism into the system. Marxism which predicted the demise of the capitalist west. This belief fed into Russian nationalism and supported the notion that the Russian government and way of life would eventually prevail. The ideals of the revolutionary era of the early 20th century envisioned a world transformed by egalitarianism and the elimination of poverty and oppression Marxism-Leninism provided the legitimacy base for the party, with its ideology of democratic centralism Nomenklatura the process of filling influential jobs in the state, society, or the economy with people approved and chosen by the communist party. The nomenklatura includes not only political jobs, but almost all top positions in other areas as well, such as university presidents, newspaper editors, and military officers. Party approval translates as party membership, so the easiest way for an individual to get ahead is to join the party. Proletariat workers revolution of the proletariat occurred in 1917, but did not follow the steps outlined by Karl Marx. Marx believed that the revolution would first take place in industrialized, capitalist countries. Early 20th century Russia had only begun to industrialize in the late 19th century, and was far behind countries like Britain, Germany, and the United States. However, revolutionary Vladimir Lenin believed that the dictatorial tsar should be overthrown, and that Russian peasants should be released from oppression social mobility the ability for individuals to change their social status over the course of their lifetimes. “vanguard of the revolution”
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2nd Quarter Vocab - Russia-China - RUSSIA Bourgeoisie...

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