Scheduling - Project Management A Managerial Approach...

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Project Management A Managerial Approach Scheduling
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Scheduling A schedule is the conversion of a  project action plan into an operating  timetable It serves as the basis for monitoring  and controlling project activity Taken together with the plan and  budget, it is probably the major tool for  the management of projects
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Scheduling In a project environment, the  scheduling function is more important  than it would be in an ongoing  operation  Projects lack the continuity of day-to- day operations and often present much  more complex problems of coordination
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Scheduling The basic approach of all scheduling  techniques is to form a network of  activity and event relationships This network should graphically portray  the sequential relations between the  tasks in a project Tasks that must precede or follow other  tasks are then clearly identified, in time  as well as function
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Scheduling Such networks are a powerful tool for  planning and controlling a project and  have the following benefits: It is a consistent framework for planning,  scheduling, monitoring, and controlling the  project It illustrates the interdependence of all tasks,  work packages, and work elements It denotes the times when specific individuals  must be available for work on a given task
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Scheduling Network benefits (cont.): It aids in ensuring that the proper  communications take place between  departments and functions It determines an expected project completion  date It identifies so-called critical activities that, if  delayed, will delay the project completion time It identifies activities with slack that can be  delayed for specific periods without penalty
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Scheduling Network benefits (cont.): It determines the dates on which tasks may be  started - or must be started if the project is to  stay on schedule It illustrates which tasks must be coordinated to  avoid resource timing conflicts It illustrates which tasks may run, or must be  run, in parallel to achieve the predetermined  project completion date It relieves some interpersonal conflict by clearly  showing task dependencies
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Network Techniques: PERT and CPM With the exception of Gantt charts, the most  common approach to scheduling is the use of  network techniques such as PERT and CPM The Program Evaluation and Review  Technique was developed by the U.S. Navy  in 1958 The Critical Path Method was developed by  DuPont, Inc during the same time period
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Scheduling - Project Management A Managerial Approach...

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