Role of women in Muslim religion

Role of women in Muslim religion - Mailyn E Veiga Term...

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Mailyn E Veiga Term Paper Title: Role of Women in Islamic religion REL 2011 04/06/2010
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Veiga 1 Role of women in Islamic religion Life, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness; three basic rights a person of any age, race or sex should have. In America, most specifically the United States, these are rights that cannot be denied to any person. In other countries, however, people are not so lucky. In Islamic countries, for example, these basic rights are constantly denied to women, who are forced to obey the man of the house, in every single thing, since birth and until the day they die. To understand the position of women in any Muslim community, specific information on several aspects of their lives is required: work and employment; ownership of property; control over income and property; education; access to health care, adequate nutrition, and birth control; decision-making abilities concerning the course of their own lives (such as whether or not to marry, have children, seek employment); and so forth. It is also important to understand the multiple roles women play: in work, family life, extra-domestic life, religion, recreation, etc. Throughout this essay several aspects of women's life and the roles they play will be explored and discussed. Islam, which is practiced by about 1.3 billion people, is the world's second largest religion and is growing faster than most other faiths. (Orens, Geoffrey) Islam is an Arabic word, which means Submission to the Will of God. A Muslim therefore, is one who submits to the will of God. Islam is based upon two basic principles. The first principle is that there is none worthy of worship except God, who is absolutely unique and transcendent. The second principle is that Muhammad is the final messenger of God, who was sent to all of mankind. Muhammad is called the "seal of the prophets," the one to whom God revealed that last and most authoritative of his
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revelations, the Quran, the Muslim book. (Orens, 5) From this holy book the Islamic law (Sharia) is derived. Sharia provides for differences between women's and men's roles, rights, and obligations. Majority Muslim countries give women varying degrees of rights with regards to Veiga 2 marriage, divorce, civil rights, legal status, dress code, and education based on different interpretations. You might have heard at some time or the other that Islam teaches that women are "inferior" and "unequal" to men. Women are described as weak, inferior, inherently evil (it is the nature of woman to promote fitnah (mischief)), they have deficient intellectual capabilities and are spiritually lacking. Furthermore, these evaluations have been used to claim that women are unsuitable for performing certain tasks, or for functioning in some ways in society. While it is impossible, given their diversity, to paint one picture of women living under Islam today, it is clear that the religion has been used in most Muslim countries not to liberate but to entrench inequality. (Orens, 73) As Riffat Hassan, professor of religious studies at the University of
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Role of women in Muslim religion - Mailyn E Veiga Term...

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