HISTreview1 - Review Questions French Revolution 1 What...

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Review Questions. French Revolution: 1. What were the major factors that constituted the origins the French Revolution? - enlightenment ideology; equality and freedom of the individual - example of the American Revolution - famine; crop shortages - nobility and church exempt from taxation, so burden fell on 3 rd estate 2. Who were Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette? King and his wife; not concerned with problems that plagued French society; isolated life at Versailles, forced to move to Paris where they were later beheaded; very unpopular 3. Who was Charles-Alexander de Colonne and what was his significance? Louis and Marie’s financial advisor; created tax reforms that aimed at raising taxes on land and stamps 4. What social groups in France constituted the third estate? A conglomeration of middle- class professionals, artisans, and peasants; all those members not in aristocracy or clergy; 95% of population and paid most taxes 5. Who in France paid most taxes during the Old Regime? 3 rd estate…peasants labored under intolerable taxes 6. What caused Louis XVI to call the Assembly of Notables in 1787? Debt; Notables were wealthy prominent nobles/churchmen that were paid money to cover loans for government debt 7. What was the Estates General? A representative body of the 3 estates; was summoned by Louis XVI to solve the government’s financial problems; Louis wanted the EG to raise new taxes 8. What was the National Assembly and what was its historical role in 1789? The 3 rd Estate asked the clergy and the nobility to join them in a new legislative body (only a few of the lower clergy accepted); Tennis Court Oath where they took an oath to draft a new constitution for France; Declaration of the Rights of Man served as a preamble to the constitution 9. What major political principles did the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen promulgate? - men are free and equal - liberty to do anything that does not harm others; limits determined by law - freedom of speech and religion - equally proportioned taxes - right to own property 10. What social groups did not want to accept social distinctions based on wealth and demanded more social equality in 1790? Radical revolutionists; Third Estate 11. What was the Declaration of Pilnitz? Prussia and Austria; agreed to intervene in the revolution and restored the king to his complete monarchy; threatened military intervention 12. What factors led to radicalization of the French Revolution? Civil rights, national security; Talk about elections; people could only vote if they could pay, most of the population couldn’t pay; political equality was based on economic condition
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13. What was the Committee of Public Safety and who led it? A branch of the National Convention; composed of radicals; Robespierre dominated the committee; it implemented mass terror and executions; prosecuted counter-revolutionaries and killed them; Reign of Terror 14. What policy did the Committee of Public Safety carry out during its reign? Killed
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HISTreview1 - Review Questions French Revolution 1 What...

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